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Clinical Study on Very Low Birth Weight Infants

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1994;37(5):628-635.
Published online May 15, 1994.
Clinical Study on Very Low Birth Weight Infants
Sha Young Choi, Dae Young Jang, Oh Kyung Lee, Wan Seob Kim
Department of Pediatrics, Presbyterian Medical Center, Chonju, Korea
극소체중아의 임상적 고찰
최사영, 장대영, 이오경, 김완섭
전주 예수병원 소아과
Medical records of very low birth weight infants weighing less than 1500 grams at birth were reviewed and analyzed. One hundred and forty three infants who were admitted to neonatal intensive care unit of Presbyterian Medical Center, including those who were born and transferred from other hospitals, from January 1987 to December 1991 were examined and the following results were obtained; 1) The incidence of very low birth weight infant was 1.21% 2) The most common maternal risk factor was premature labor and the next was toxemia. 3) The most common disease of very low birth weight infant was neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and the next was septicemia. 4) Twenty five infants (38.5%) of intensive care group and 67 infants (85.9%) of Not-ventilated group survived with overall survival rate of 64.6%. 5) the heavier birth weight and longer intrauterine period were factors offering better chance for survival. 6) Among 43(30%) infants expired, 7 (16.3%) died within 24 hours after birth, 12 (27.9%) died in second or third day, 4(9.3%) died between fourth and seventh day, and 20(46.5%) died between eighth and twenty eighth day.
Key Words: Very low birth weight infant

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