Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1968;11(4):175-180.
Published online April 30, 1968.
A Clinical Observation on Staphylococcal Empyema In Infancy And Childhood
Hyo In Bae, Dong Joo Kim, Sung Wook Choi
Department of Pediatrics, Pusan Univ. Hospital
菊舊狀 球菌을 中心한 小兒膜胸의 臨床的 觀察
裴 孝 仁, 金 東柱, 崔星旭
釜山大學校 醫科大學 小兒科學敎室
A clinical and statistical observation was made on 61 cases of empyema in infants and children, admitted to Pusan Children’s Charity Hospital during January 1, 1965 to December 31, 1966 with the following results. 1) There has been a definite increase in staphylococcal empyema during the past 2 years, but decrease in other bacterial empyema. 2)There was a predilection of staphylococcal empyema in infants under 1 year of age (44%), accompanied with a higher mortality rate in same age group (75%). 3) Staphylococci were most sensitive to new penicillin (100%) such as Orbenin, Oxacillin and. Methicillin, but usually resistant to penicillin G (83%), streptomycin and sulfonamides. In recent years, the organisms appear to be developing resistance to erythromycin and chloramphenicol. 4)The most effective treatment for staphylococcal empyema in infants and children has been directed to the combined administration of antibiotic agents including a new penicillin with closed surgical drainage for the selected cases.

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