Article 53(8); Aug 2010
Review Articles
Multimodal neuroimaging in presurgical evaluation of childhood epilepsy
Da Eun Jung, Joon-Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(8):779-785.   Published online August 31, 2010

In pre-surgical evaluation of pediatric epilepsy, the combined use of multiple imaging modalities for precise localization of the epileptogenic focus is a worthwhile endeavor. Advanced neuroimaging by high field Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion tensor images, and MR spectroscopy have the potential to identify subtle lesions. 18F-FDG positron emission tomography and single photon emission tomography provide visualization of metabolic alterations...

Disease-specific pluripotent stem cells
Hoon-Chul Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(8):786-789.   Published online August 31, 2010

Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are generated by epigenetic reprogramming of somatic cells through the exogenous expression of transcription factors. Recently, the generation of iPS cells from patients with a variety of genetic diseases was found to likely have a major impact on regenerative medicine, because these cells self-renew indefinitely in culture while retaining the capacity to differentiate into any...

Original Articles
The effect of sucrose on infants during a painful procedure
Kyoung Hwa Joung, Soo Chul Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(8):790-794.   Published online August 31, 2010
Purpose

The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of treating the pain among newborn infants associated with a medical procedure with sucrose with regard to overall physiological and behavioral stability.

Methods

103 newborn infants were enrolled in this study. The control group (n=63) did not receive any treatment. The experimental group (n=40) received 2 mL of 24% sucrose solution two...

Increased B cell-activating factor (BAFF) level in the sputum of children with asthma
Hye Mi Jee, Bong Seok Choi, Kyung Won Kim, Myung Hyun Sohn, Man Yong Han, Kyu-Earn Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(8):795-800.   Published online August 31, 2010
Purpose

B cell-activating factor (BAFF) is a tumor-necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily member best known for its role in the survival and maturation of B cells. BAFF activity is observed in naïve cells as well as in effector/memory T cells. We aimed to explore whether BAFF in sputum is expressed at elevated levels in asthmatic airways and associated with eosinophilic inflammation, pulmonary...

Needle aspiration as therapeutic management for suppurative cervical lymphadenitis in children
Mee Young Baek, Kyung Hee Park, Ju Hee We, Su Eun Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(8):801-804.   Published online August 31, 2010
Purpose

This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of the needle aspiration alternative to open surgical drainage of children with suppurative cervical lymphadenitis requiring surgical drainage.

Methods

From January 1998 to June 2008, we retrospectively reviewed 38 children treated with needle aspiration as management with suppurative cervical lymphadenitis instead of open surgical drainage.

Results

All 38 children underwent only 1 puncture. Two patients (5.2%) out...

Case Reports
Successful treatment by exchange transfusion of a young infant with sodium nitroprusside poisoning
Jong Geun Baek, Hoar Lim Jeong, Ji Sook Park, Ji Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae Young Lim, Chan Hoo Park, Hyang Ok Woo, Hee Shang Youn, Jung Sook Yeom
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(8):805-808.   Published online August 31, 2010

Although sodium nitroprusside (SNP) is often used in pediatric intensive care units, cyanide toxicity can occur after SNP treatment. To treat SNP-induced cyanide poisoning, antidotes such as amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite, sodium thiosulfate, and hydroxycobalamin should be administered immediately after diagnosis. Here, we report the first case of a very young infant whose SNP-induced cyanide poisoning was successfully treated by...

A case of Bartter syndrome type I with atypical presentations
Eun Hye Lee, Ju Sun Heo, Hyun Kyung Lee, Kyung Hee Han, Hee Gyung Kang, Il Soo Ha, Yong Choi, Hae Il Cheong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(8):809-813.   Published online August 31, 2010

Bartter syndrome (BS) is an autosomal recessively inherited rare renal tubular disorder characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis and hyperreninemic hyperaldosteronism with normal to low blood pressure due to a renal loss of sodium. Genetically, BS is classified into 5 subtypes according to the underlying genetic defects, and BS is clinically categorized into antenatal BS and classical BS according to onset...

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