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Volume 61(12); Dec 2018
Review Article
Endocrinology
The adiposity rebound in the 21st century children: meaning for what?
Min Jae Kang
Korean J Pediatr. 2018;61(12):375-380.   Published online December 6, 2018
With the increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity worldwide, early adiposity rebound, which is known to have a strong association with obesity, has recently been a focus of research. Early adiposity rebound is conventionally known to have a close relationship with non-communicable diseases. However, novel insights into early adiposity rebound have implied an acceleration of growth and puberty,...
Original Articles
General Pediatrics
Current use of safety restraint systems and front seats in Korean children based on the 2008–2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Seom Gim Kong
Korean J Pediatr. 2018;61(12):381-386.   Published online September 19, 2018
Purpose: The use of proper safety restraint systems by children is vital for the reduction of traffic accident-related injury and death. This study evaluated the rates of use of safety restraint systems and front seats by Korean children. Methods: Based on data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2015, I investigated the frequencies of safety restraint...
Neurology
The clinical characteristics and prognosis of subgaleal hemorrhage in newborn
Sun Jin Lee, Jin Kyu Kim, Sun Jun Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2018;61(12):387-391.   Published online September 16, 2018
Purpose: Subgaleal hemorrhage (SGH) is a rare but potentially fatal condition in newborns; however, few studies have reported on this condition. We aimed to identify the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of SGH. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 20 neonates diagnosed with SGH between January 2000 and June 2017. Enrolled neonates were clinically diagnosed when they had tender...
Cardiology
The improvement of right ventricular function after adenotonsillectomy in children with obstructive sleep apnea
Dong Yeop Kim, Kyung Ok Ko, Jae Woo Lim, Jung Min Yoon, Young Hwa Song, Eun Jeong Cheon
Korean J Pediatr. 2018;61(12):392-396.   Published online October 26, 2018
Purpose: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) that causes upper airway obstruction might lead to chronic hypoxemic pulmonary vasoconstriction and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. We aimed to evaluate whether adenotonsillectomy (T&A) in children suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to severe ATH could improve RV function. Methods: Thirty-seven children (boy:girl=21:16; mean age, 9.52±2.20 years), who underwent T&A forsleep apnea due to ATH, were...
Outcomes of transcatheter closure of ductus arteriosus in infants less than 6 months of age: a single-center experience
Gwang-Jun Choi, Jinyoung Song, Yi-Seul Kim, Heirim Lee, June Huh, I-Seok Kang
Korean J Pediatr. 2018;61(12):397-402.   Published online September 19, 2018
Purpose: Transcatheter device closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is challenging in early infancy. We evaluated PDA closure in infants less than 6 months old. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of infants less than 6 months of age who underwent attempted transcatheter device closure in our institution since 2004. To compare clinical outcomes between age groups, infants aged 6–12 months...
Case Report
Genetics and Metabolism
The first Korean case with Floating-Harbor syndrome with a novel SRCAP mutation diagnosed by targeted exome sequencing
Eun Mi Choi, Dong Hyun Lee, Seok Jin Kang, Ye Jee Shim, Heung Sik Kim, Jun Sik Kim, Jong In Jeong, Jung-Sook Ha, Ja-Hyun Jang
Korean J Pediatr. 2018;61(12):403-406.   Published online September 16, 2018
Floating-Harbor syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder associated with SRCAP mutation. To date, approximately 50 cases of Floating-Harbor syndrome have been reported, but none have been reported in Korea yet. Floating-Harbor syndrome is characterized by delayed bony maturation, unique facial features, and language impairment. Here, we present a 6-year-old boy with a triangular face, deep-set protruding eyes, low-set...


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