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Volume 54(10); Oct 2011
Review Articles
Current health issues in Korean adolescents
Chang Ho Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2011;54(10):395-400.   Published online October 31, 2011

During the adolescent period, they experience rapid physical, emotional, cognitive developments while they establish their lifestyle and habitual routines that strongly influence adult health and life. Recent rapid economic growth in Korea, and the earlier onset of physical, sexual, and psychological maturation of adolescents, has resulted in changes in the health status of adolescents from many years ago. Risk-taking behaviors...

Smoking and adolescent health
Sang-hee Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2011;54(10):401-404.   Published online October 31, 2011

With the Westernization and opening of our society, adolescents' smoking is increasing and being popularized. Many adolescents start smoking at an early age out of curiosity and venturesomeness, and earlier start of smoking makes it more difficult to quit smoking. Adolescents' habitual smoking not only becomes a gateway to all kinds of substance abuse but also causes various health problems...

Original Articles
Clinical characteristics of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) infection in children and the performance of rapid antigen test
Yong-Jae Park, Jang-Yong Jin, Hyeon-Jong Yang, Woo-Ryung Lee, Dong-Hwan Lee, Bok-Yang Pyun, Eun-Sook Suh
Korean J Pediatr. 2011;54(10):405-408.   Published online October 31, 2011
Purpose

In autumn 2009, the swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) virus spread throughout South Korea. The aims of this study were to determine the clinical characteristics of children infected by the 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus, and to compare the rapid antigen and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective review of patients ≥18 years of age who presented to...

Clinical features of Epstein-Barr virus-associated infectious mononucleosis in hospitalized Korean children
Keun Hyung Son, Mee Yong Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2011;54(10):409-413.   Published online October 31, 2011
Purpose

Few studies have been conducted on the recent status of infectious mononucleosis (IM) in Korean children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the recent trend in the clinical manifestations of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated IM as well as the clinical differences according to age.

Methods

A retrospective study was performed on 81 children hospitalized with EBV-associated IM who fulfilled the serological...

Identification of major rice allergen and their clinical significance in children
You Hoon Jeon, Se Jo Oh, Hyeon Jong Yang, Soo Young Lee, Bok Yang Pyun
Korean J Pediatr. 2011;54(10):414-421.   Published online October 31, 2011
Purpose

Recently, an increase in the number of patients sensitized to rice allergen with or without clinical symptoms has been reported. This study was designed to determine the major allergens in rice and their clinical significance.

Methods

Twenty-four children (15 boys and 9 girls; mean age, 16.3 months) with allergic disease, who were sensitized to rice antigen (by UniCAP) in the Pediatric Allergy...

Case Reports
An adverse event following 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccination: a case of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
Sang Teak Lee, Young June Choe, Won Jin Moon, Jin Woo Choi, Ran Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2011;54(10):422-424.   Published online October 31, 2011

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that typically follows an infection or vaccination and has a favorable long-term prognosis. We describe the first reported case of ADEM after vaccination against novel influenza A (H1N1). A previously healthy 34-month-old boy who developed ADEM presented with a seizure and left-sided weakness 5 days after...

Acute treatment of hyperammonemia by continuous renal replacement therapy in a newborn patient with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency
Hyo Jeong Kim, Se Jin Park, Kook In Park, Jin Sung Lee, Ho Sun Eun, Ji Hong Kim, Jae Il Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2011;54(10):425-428.   Published online October 31, 2011

Ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency is well known as the most common inherited disorder of the urea cycle, and 1 of the most common causes of hyperammonemia in newborns. We experienced a case of a 3-day-old boy with OTC deficiency who appeared healthy in the first 2 days of life but developed lethargy and seizure soon afterwards. His serum ammonia level...

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