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Volume 49(1); Jan 2006
Review Articles
Neonatal skin diseases
Kyu Han Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):1-5.   Published online January 15, 2006
Several physiological skin changes such as vernix caseosa, cutis marmorata, physiologic desquamation, and sebaceous hyperplasia have been described in the neonatal period. There are also clinical characteristics of skin peculiar to neonate and infancy. Skin disorders observed during neonatal and infancy period can be divided into transient skin lesions, birth marks, and other diseases. Transient skin lesions include milia, sebaceous...
Neonatal jaundice
Sang Lak Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):6-13.   Published online January 15, 2006
Jaundice is one of the most common gastrointestinal conditions found in neonatal period, and most jaundice is benign. But because of the possibility of bilirubin toxicity, every newborn infants must be examined to identify the development of severe hyperbilirubinemia. To prevent the development of severe hyperbilirubinemia, promote and support successful breast-feeding, perform a systemic assessment before discharge for the risk...
Immunization of preterm and low birth weight infant
Su-Eun Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):14-17.   Published online January 15, 2006
Infants who are born prematurely or with low birth weight should be immunized at the same postnatal chronologic age. They should receive BCG, DTaP, IPV vaccines according to the same recommended schedule as full term infants. Hepatitis B vaccine schedule is modified when hepatitis B vaccine is administered a infant with birth weight less than 2,000 g. The recommended standard...
Original Articles
Trace element concentrations profiles in the hair of normal children living in the northern area of Seoul
Ji Won Kwon, Byung Eui Kim, Mi Jung Park, Sang Woo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):18-23.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : The reliability of hair mineral analyses regarding nutritional status, environmental exposure or diseases is controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the normal reference range of hair mineral concentration of Korean children. Methods : We examined hair mineral concentrations of 223 children(3-12 yrs old, 110 boys, 113 girls, mean age 8.8?.2 yrs old) living in the...
Health status of children in low socioeconomic conditions
Hee Kyoung Choi, Jeong A Her, Seong Hee Jang, Dal Hyun Kim, Kyoung Lim Yoon, Young Min Ahn
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):24-28.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the health status and nutritional condition of children living in a low-income community through anthropometric, laboratory evaluation. Methods : A community-based survey identified children below 15 years living in a low-income community. Their weight, height, visual acuity, hearing level and dental status were measured. Blood sample were obtained on June and...
Catch-up growth and development of very low birth weight infants
Tae Ho Ma, Kyung Ah Kim, Sun Young Ko, Yeon Kyung Lee, Son Moon Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):29-33.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : The aim of this study was to analyze the results and contributing factors of catch-up growth in very low birth weight infants(VLBWI) at the corrected age of 2 years. In addition, we looked for a relationship between the catch-up growth and the development by the bayley scales of infant development II(BSID II). Methods : A retrospective analysis by...
1828G>A polymorphism of the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase gene (UGT1A1) for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in Koreans
Ja Young Kim, Mi Yeoun Kim, Ji Sook Kim, Eun Ryoung Kim, Seo Hyun Yoon, Hee Jae Lee, Joo Ho Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):34-39.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : The incidence of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is twice as high in East Asians as in Caucasians. However, its metabolic basis has not been clearly explained. The UDP-glucuronosyltransferase gene(UGT1A1) mutation was found to be a risk factor of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. We studied whether neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is associated with the 1828G>A(rs 10929303) polymorphism of the UGT1A1 gene, which encodes for a...
The effect of local rifampicin instillation on the treatment of suppurative BCG lymphadenitis
Min Son Kim, Dae Sun Jo, Kang Mi Kyung, Sang Jae Kim, Jung Soo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):40-45.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the types of lymphadenitis after BCG vaccination and the effect of local rifampicin instillation on the treatment of suppurative BCG lymphadenitis. Methods : A total of 32 otherwise healthy infants with suppurative BCG lymphadenitis, who visited the Department of Pediatrics of Chonbuk National University Hospital, from March 2002 through June 2004,...
Lymphadenitis following intradermal BCG vaccination
Hey Sung Baek, Ji Young Chang, Su Ji Moon, Sung Hee Oh
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):46-50.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : Intradermal BCG vaccine has not well been accepted by pediatric practitioners due to BCG lymphadenitis. Therefore, this study was undertaken to find out the incidence of lymphadenitis following intradermal BCG vaccination and its clinical outcome. Methods : One thousand and fifty infants, who received intradermal BCG(French 1173 P2, Korea Tuberculosis Association) vaccination in the Well Baby Clinic of Hanyang...
The alteration of the positive rate of cytomegalovirus IgG antibody among preschool period children
Se-Young Seo, Sang-Jun Park, Ja-Young Hwang, Seong-Hoon Hahn, So-Young Kim, Hyun-Hee Kim, Wonbae Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):51-55.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : In order to evaluate the time of disappearance of cytomegalovirus(CMV) IgG antibodies from mothers, and the alteration of the positive rate of CMV IgG antibodies among preschool period children, we investigated the positive rate of CMV antibodies among preschool children. Methods : We studied 391 children who visited the Department of Pediatrics from March, 2001 to February, 2004. We...
A clinical study on the etiology of parapneumonic effusion in children
Jung-Sook Yeom, Won-Tae Bae, Eun-Sil Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):56-63.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : This study was designed to document the etiologies and the characteristics of parapneumonic effusion in children. Methods : During a 17-year period from 1987 to 2004, parapneumonic effusion was confirmed in 86 children at Gyeongsang National University Hospital. The clinical records of these children were reviewed and radiological findings and laboratory data, especially results of thoracentesis, were analyzed retrospectively. Results...
1 year follow-up results of prenatally diagnosed unilateral hydronephrosis according to renal sonographic findings at 1 month of age
Hoe-Soo Yoon, Mi Sun Yum, Joo Hoon Lee, Young Seo Park, Kun Seok Kim, Chong Hyun Yoon, Dae Hyuk Moon, Hyewon Hahn
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):64-70.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : The natural courses of prenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis(HN) are diverse. Our purpose was to determine if the findings of renal ultrasonography(USG) in patients with prenatal HN at 1 month of age can predict the 1 year follow-up results and determine the guideline of follow-up study. Methods : Among 462 hydronephrotic patients registered between 1996 and 2004, 153 unilateral hydronephrotic renal...
A clinical study of migraines without aura in children : based on revised international headache society criteria
Bo Gil Seo, Myung Hwan Yoo, Jae Won Shim, Jung Yeon Shim, Hye Lim Jung, Moon Soo Park, Deok-soo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):71-75.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : Because migraine in children has different characteristics from that in adults, it is inappropriate to apply migraine criteria for adults to children. Recently, the International Headache Society(IHS) revised criteria regarding children's characteristics. Therefore, we reviewed the characteristics of childhood migraines without auras based on the revised criteria and compared the data with the findings of childhood migraine by...
Clinical features of children's brain tumors according to location
Seung Jeong Han, Yun Hee Kim, Young Se Kwon, Yong Hoon Jun, Soon Ki Kim, Byong Kwan Son
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):76-81.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : This study evaluated the clinical characteristics of brain tumors in children according to their location, the parental delay and the doctor's delay between the onset of symptoms and the diagnosis of a pediatric brain tumor. In addition, this study compared the relationship between the pre-diagnostic symptomatic interval and the tumor location. Methods : A retrospective study was undertaken of...
Follow-up of children with isolated microscopic hematuria detected in a mass school urine screening test
Mi-sun Yum, Hoe Soo Yoon, Joo Hoon Lee, Hyewon Hahn, Young Seo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):82-86.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : The isolated microscopic hematuria is the most common abnormality detected by school urinary screening, but there is no consensus about the range of investigations and long-term outcomes of isolated hematuria in children yet. This study aims to elucidate the prognosis of hematuria and the range of diagnostic studies by follow-up results. Methods : Students with isolated hematuria who were...
Usefulness of serum procalcitonin test for the diagnosis of upper urinary tract infection in children
Dong Wook Kim, Ju Young Chung, Ja Wook Koo, Sang Woo Kim, Tae Hee Han
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):87-92.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : It is difficult to make a distinction between lower urinary tract infection(UTI) and acute pyelonephritis(APN) during the acute phase of febrile UTI due to nonspecific clinical symptoms and laboratory findings, especially among young children. We measured the serum procalcitonin(PCT) in children with UTI to distinguish between acute pyelonephritis and lower UTI, and to determine the accuracy of PCT...
Correlations of cord blood Ghrelin and leptin concentrations with anthropometry of appropriate for gestational age newborns
Jin Lee, Se Na Moon, So Hyun Park, Min-Ho Jung, Byung Kyu Suh, Byung Churl Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):93-98.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : Ghrelin stimulates the secretion of growth hormone and other pituitary hormones, and has orexigenic effects. It may have a physiologic role in fetal and neonatal growth. Leptin secreted by the adipocytes reflects fat mass in infants as well as adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation of cord blood ghrelin and leptin levels to...
Case Reports
Wilms' tumor with polydipsia, polyuria, hyponatremic hypertension and congestive heart failure : a case report
Chul Hee Woo, Ji Min Jang, Chan Wook Woo, Ki Hyung Lee, Kwang Chul Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):99-102.   Published online January 15, 2006
A 3-year-old girl presented with polydipsia, polyuria, hyponatremia, hypertension and congestive heart failure. Her polyuria was unresponsive to water restriction and vasopressin challenge tests, and her blood pressure was not effectively controlled by antihypertensive drugs. Radiologic examinations revealed a Wilms' tumor in the right kidney. Her plasma renin activity and aldosterone concentration were greatly increased. After surgical removal of the...
A case of Kikuchi's disease with skin involvement
Ji Min Jang, Chul Hee Woo, Jung Woo Choi, Dae Jin Song, Young Yoo, Kwang Chul Lee, Chang Sung Son
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):103-106.   Published online January 15, 2006
Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, which is also commonly referred to as Kikuchi's disease (KD), is a self-limiting disease of unknown etiology. It affects individuals of all ages, although it is usually seen in young women. However, only a few descriptions of this disease are available in the pediatric literature. KD is clinically characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy, high fever, myalgia, neutropenia and,...
Development of Crohn disease in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome : report of two children
Jeong Ok Shim, Jeong Kee Seo, Hye Ran Yang, Jae Sung Ko, Hee Young Shin, Hyo Seop Ahn, Woo Sun Kim, Gyeong Hoon Kang
Korean J Pediatr. 2006;49(1):107-111.   Published online January 15, 2006
Crohn disease (CD) is rare, but the incidence of CD has been increasing over the past ten years. We found two cases of CD, associated with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), for the first time in children. In the first patient, MDS was diagnosed at three years of age and CD developed later at eight years of age. The patient presented with...
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