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Editorial
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Practical considerations when administering surfactants to preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome
Heui Seung Jo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(12):440-441.   Published online August 16, 2019
Review Article
Nephrology (Genitourinary)
Reconsideration of urine culture for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis in children: a new challenging method for diagnosing acute pyelonephritis
Jun Ho Lee, Seonkyeong Rhie
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(12):433-437.   Published online October 18, 2019
Acute pyelonephritis (APN) should be detected and treated as soon as possible to reduce the risk of the development of acquired renal scarring. However, in the medical field, urine culture results are not available or considered when the prompt discrimination of APN is necessary and empirical treatment is started. Furthermore, urine culture cannot discriminate APN among children with febrile urinary...
Perspective
Allergy
Food allergy and food-induced anaphylaxis in children: an increasing critical public health issue
Sooyoung Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(12):431-432.   Published online November 12, 2019
Clinical note
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Gray-brown skin discoloration following phototherapy for hyperbilirubinemia due to anti-E alloimmunization
Da Jeong Lee, Woo Sun Song, Seung Yeon Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(11):428-430.   Published online September 18, 2019
Original Article
Nephrology (Genitourinary)
Clinical manifestations of BK virus infection in pediatric kidney transplant patients
Yiyoung Kwon, Jeong Yeon Kim, Yeonhee Lee, Heeyeon Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(11):422-427.   Published online September 5, 2019
Background: Polyomavirus BK (BKV) infection is an important cause of graft loss in kidney transplant patients.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical findings and risk factors for BKV in pediatric patients after kidney transplantation. Methods: This retrospective single-center study included 31 pediatric kidney transplant recipients from January 2002 to December 2017. Two patients received 2 transplantations during the...
Gastroenterology
Association between Body Mass Index and Hepatitis B antibody seropositivity in children
Yoowon Kwon, Su Jin Jeong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(11):416-421.   Published online August 12, 2019
Background: The seropositivity rate of hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) antibodies is known to be ≥95% after hepatitis B virus vaccination during infancy. However, a low level or absence of anti-HBs in healthy children is discovered in many cases. Recent studies in adults reported that a reduced anti-HBs production rate is related to obesity.
Purpose: To investigate whether body mass index...
Editorial
Nephrology (Genitourinary)
Monitoring BK virus infection in pediatric kidney transplant recipients
Min Hyun Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(11):414-415.   Published online October 18, 2019
Systematic review and meta-analysis
Psychiatric/Psychology
Evaluation of drug interventions for the treatment of sleep disorders in children with autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review
Ensiyeh Jenabi, Sara Ataei, Saeid Bashirian
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(11):405-409.   Published online October 2, 2019
A structured review study of drug interventions on sleep disorders in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has not been published to date. This systematic review aimed to investigate drug interventions for the treatment of sleep disorders in children with ASD. The Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus databases were searched until March 2019. Study quality was assessed using the...
Original Article
Gastroenterology
Influence of proton pump inhibitor therapy on intestinal inflammation assessed by fecal calprotectin in pediatric patients
Su Yeong Kim, Na Mi Lee, Sin Weon Yun, Soo Ahn Chae, In Seok Lim, Eung Sang Choi, Dae Yong Yi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(10):400-404.   Published online July 3, 2019
Background: An increase in the numbers of patients with gastrointestinal symptoms has recently been observed.
Purpose: To investigate the effects of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy on intestinal inflammation in children and adolescents as confirmed by clinical manifestations and objectively assessed by fecal calprotectin (FC) level measurement. Methods: Consecutive children (aged 3–18 years) who presented with gastrointestinal symptoms and were treated with...
Endoscopic postdilatation application of Mitomycin C in children with resistant esophageal strictures
Yasser K. Rashed, Mohamed El-Guindi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(10):395-399.   Published online June 24, 2019
Background: The esophagus is the most common part of gastrointestinal (GI) tract at the risk of stricture. Benign disorders are the leading causes of narrowing. Caustic ingestion is the most common cause of esophageal stricture in children, especially in developing countries. Clinical responses to the topical application of Mitomycin C in various medical procedures have been reported.
Purpose: The study aimed...
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Clinical impact of admission hypothermia in very low birth weight infants: results from Korean Neonatal Network
Na Hyun Lee, Soo Kyung Nam, Juyoung Lee, Yong Hoon Jun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(10):386-394.   Published online May 22, 2019
Background: Preterm infants have difficulty maintaining body temperature after birth. However, clinical guidelines advocate that neonatal body temperature should be maintained at 36.5°C–37.5°C.
Purpose: We aimed to investigate the incidence of admission hypothermia in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to determine the association of admission temperature with in-hospital mortality and morbidities. Methods: A cohort study using prospectively collected data involving...
Editorial
Gastroenterology
Can proton pump inhibitors cause intestinal inflammation in children?
Ben Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(10):384-385.   Published online October 2, 2019
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