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Review Article
Neurology
Recent update on reading disability (dyslexia) focused on neurobiology
Sung Koo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2021;64(10):497-503.   Published online March 2, 2021
·Neurobiological studies using functional brain imaging have uncovered the reading pathways, brain regions involved in reading, and neurobiological abnormalities of dyslexia.
·An accurate diagnosis and timely specialized intervention are important in children with dyslexia. When national infant development screening tests have been conducted as in Korea, if a language developmental delay and early predictors of dyslexia are detected, the progression to dyslexia should be carefully observed and early intervention provided.
Original Article
Developmental and Behavioral Medicine
Development of the Korean Developmental Screening Test for Infants and Children (K-DST)
Hee Jung Chung, Donghwa Yang, Gun-Ha Kim, Sung Koo Kim, Seoung Woo Kim, Young Key Kim, Young Ah Kim, Joon Sik Kim, Jin Kyung Kim, Cheongtag Kim, In-Kyung Sung, Son Moon Shin, Kyung Ja Oh, Hee-Jeong Yoo, Hee Joon Yu, Seoung-Joon Lim, Jeehun Lee, Hae-Ik Jeong, Jieun Choi, Jeong-Yi Kwon, Baik-Lin Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2020;63(11):438-446.   Published online May 14, 2020
Question: Can the Korean Developmental Screening Test for Infants and Children (K-DST) be a useful screening tool for infants and children in Korea?
Finding: The K-DST has high reliability (internal consistency of 0.73–0.93, test-retest reliability of 0.77–0.88) and a high discriminatory ability with a sensitivity of 0.833 and specificity of 0.979.
Meaning: The K-DST is an effective and reliable screening tool for infants and children with neurodevelopmental disorders in Korea.
Review Article
Recent update of autism spectrum disorders
Sung Koo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(1):8-14.   Published online January 31, 2015

In patients with a language developmental delay, it is necessary to make a differential diagnosis for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), specific language impairment, and mental retardation. It is important that pediatricians recognize the signs and symptoms of ASDs, as many patients with language developmental delays are ultimately diagnosed with ASDs. Pediatricians play an important role in the early recognition of...

Case Report
A case of idiopathic isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy in a Korean child
Ji Hoi Yoon, Kyung Lae Cho, Hae Jung Lee, Seo Hui Choi, Kyung Yul Lee, Sung Koo Kim, Jun Hwa Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2011;54(12):515-517.   Published online December 31, 2011

Hypoglossal nerve palsy (HNP) is an uncommon neurological abnormality that can provoke characteristic clinical signs, including unilateral atrophy of the tongue musculature. We present the case of a healthy 11-year-old Korean male who was admitted to the outpatient department of our institution with acute onset dysarthria, tongue fasciculations, and right-sided tongue weakness upon awakening. His evaluation included a virology work-up,...

Basal cell nevus syndrome (gorlin syndrome) confirmed by PTCH mutations and deletions
Hee Moon Kim, Chul Hee Lee, Sung Koo Kim, Tae Jung Sung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(8):789-793.   Published online August 15, 2007
Basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS), also known as Gorlin syndrome, is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by variable manifestations, including multiple basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts of the jaw, skeletal anomalies including scoliosis and bifid ribs, palmar and plantar pits, calcification of the falx cerebri, and biparietal frontal bossing. We report a case of a 9-year-old boy with the...
Original Article
Comparison of neonatal outcomes between the spontaneous and in vitro fertilization twin pregnancies
Hee Moon Kim, Jeong Won Lee, Seon Hee Shin, Sung Koo Kim, Tae Jung Sung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(8):740-745.   Published online August 15, 2007
Purpose : There is a dominant opinion that in vitro fertilization (IVF) leads to an increased incidence of twins, low birth weight (LBW) infants, prematurity and mortality. On the other hand, technical development of IVF and improvement of neonatal intensive care have increased the survival rate of neonates. The purpose of this study was to verify the tendency by comparing...
Case Report
A Case of Rhizomelic Chondrodysplasia Punctata Occurring in Siblings
Soon Hwa Yoon, Nam Young Kim, Seon Hee Shin, Sung Koo Kim, Kon Hee Lee, Hae Sun Yoon, Jung Eun Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(9):1016-1019.   Published online September 15, 2004
Chondrodysplasia punctata is a group of heterogeneous bone dysplasia characterized by punctate calcifications of the cartilage, frequently associated with a shortening of the limbs, cataracts, icthyosis and alopecia, alterations of the nervous system, and mental and growth deficiencies. Our case presented findings of the rhizomelic chodrodysplasia punctata : a characteristic face, a sucking difficulty and a short neck. Skeletal radiographies...
A Case of Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease, Subsequently Evolving to Systemic Lupus Eyrthematosus
Soon Hwa Yoon, Myoung Hoon Song, Seon Hee Shin, Sung Koo Kim, Kon Hee Lee, Hae Sun Yoon, Young Ok Jung, Hye Kyung Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(8):904-907.   Published online August 15, 2004
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease(KFD), also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a self-limited systemic illness and it has the pathognomonic histological appearance of lymph nodes. KFD is rarely associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The diagnosis of KFD can precede, postdate or coincide with the diagnosis of SLE. Our case describes a young woman, originally diagnosed as having Kikuchi's disease by lymph...
Original Article
Clinical Study of Benign Convulsion with Acute Gastroenteritis
Jin Hyung Cho, Kim Eun Joo, Sung Koo Kim, Seon Hee Shin, Kon Hee Lee, Hae Sun Yoon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(8):855-860.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was performed to characterize clinical features of benign convulsions with acute gastroenteritis(CwG) in infants. Methods : We reviewed 83 consecutive seizures in 42 patients with CwG between January 1995 and December 2003. CwG was defined as convulsions having the following two characteristics : (a) seizures accompanied with symptoms of gastroenteritis without clinical signs of dehydration or electrolyte...
Case Report
A Case of Tyrosinemia Type 1 with Cytomegalovirus Infection
Jin Hyung Cho, Kyu Jin Shim, Sung Koo Kim, Seon Hee Shin, Kon Hee Lee, Hae Sun Yun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(1):111-114.   Published online January 15, 2004
Tyrosinemia type 1 is an autosomal recessive inborn error of tyrosine metabolism that caused a mutation in the gene coding for the enzyme fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase(FAH). As a result, maleylacetoacetate(MAA) and fumarylacetoacetate(FAA) are formed. The accumulated FAA is converted into succinylacetone(SA) and succinylacetoacetate(SAA) which are excreted in urine. The first report with typical clinical and biochemical findings was presented by Sakai...
Original Article
Factors Related to the Outcome of Neonatal Seizures
Sung Koo Kim, Ran Lee, In Kyu Lee, Ki Joong Kim, Young Seung Hwang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(2):267-273.   Published online February 15, 2000
Purpose : Seizures during the neonatal period may be an important indicator of serious neurologic abnormalities and can cause permanent neurologic sequelae. We attempted to find and analyze the factors related to the outcome of neonatal seizures. Methods : Seventy-six newborns with seizure were reviewed. The outcomes were analyzed according to etiologic diseases, gestational ages, characteristics of seizure, and neuroimaging and...
Survey on Parental Knowledge about Febrile Convulsion
Sung Koo Kim, Young Jun Kim, Phil Soo Oh, Young Ah Lee, Ha Joo Choi, Hae Sun Yoon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(11):1559-1564.   Published online November 15, 1998
Purpose : We surveyed parental knowlege about febrile convulsion in order to reduce unnecessary use of diagnostic method and management, and to use as an educational guideline. Methods : The survey composed of four items : etiology, diagnosis and treatment, prognosis, and method management at home. The rate of correct answers on the total questionnaire, and each questionnaires was compared to...
Case Report
A Case of Band Heterotopia
Sung Koo Kim, Young Jun Kim, Young Ah Lee, Ha Joo Choi, Woo Kap Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(7):999-1003.   Published online July 15, 1997
The “band heterotopia” or “double cortex” is a brain anomaly that is presumed to result from a premature arrest of neuronal migration. Generalized disorders of neuronal migration to the cerebral cortex have been recognized since the end of the 19th century. Recently, development of neuroimaging technique, such as MRI, have permitted easy diagnosis of generalized neuronal migration disorder. This syndrome is prevalent in females. Most...
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