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Case Report
Neurology
Ictal sinus pause and myoclonic seizure in a child
Hye Ryun Kim, Gun-Ha Kim, So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun, Jung Hye Byeon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(Suppl 1):S129-S132.   Published online November 30, 2016

Ictal tachycardia and bradycardia are common arrhythmias; however, ictal sinus pause and asystole are rare. Ictal arrhythmia is mostly reported in adults with temporal lobe epilepsy. Recently, ictal arrhythmia was recognized as a major warning sign of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy. We present an interesting case of a child with ictal sinus pause and asystole. A 27-month-old girl was...

Chromosome 11q13 deletion syndrome
Yu-Seon Kim, Gun-Ha Kim, Jung Hye Byeon, So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(Suppl 1):S10-S13.   Published online November 30, 2016

Chromosome 11q13 deletion syndrome has been previously reported as either otodental syndrome or oculo-oto-dental syndrome. The otodental syndrome is characterized by dental abnormalities and high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss, and by ocular coloboma in some cases. The underlying genetic defect causing otodental syndrome is a hemizygous microdeletion involving the FGF3 gene on chromosome 11q13.3. Recently, a new form of severe deafness,...

Original Article
Neurology
Epilepsy in children with a history of febrile seizures
Sang Hyun Lee, Jung Hye Byeon, Gun Ha Kim, Baik-Lin Eun, So-Hee Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(2):74-79.   Published online February 29, 2016
Purpose

Febrile seizure, the most common type of pediatric convulsive disorder, is a benign seizure syndrome distinct from epilepsy. However, as epilepsy is also common during childhood, we aimed to identify the prognostic factors that can predict epilepsy in children with febrile seizures

Methods

The study comprised 249 children at the Korea University Ansan Hospital who presented with febrile seizures. The relationship between...

Analysis of clinical information and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for early diagnosis of enteroviral meningitis
Dahee Jin, Tae Hoon Heo, Jung Hye Byeon, Gun-Ha Kim, Mi Kyung Kim, So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(11):446-450.   Published online November 22, 2015
Purpose

Meningitis is among the most common infections affecting the central nervous system. It can be difficult to determine the exact pathogen responsible for the infection and patients are often treated with empiric antibiotics. This study was conducted to identify the most common clinical characteristics of enteroviral meningitis in children and evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...

Review Article
Metabolic evaluation of children with global developmental delay
So-Hee Eun, Si Houn Hahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(4):117-122.   Published online April 22, 2015

Global developmental delay (GDD) is a relatively common early-onset chronic neurological condition, which may have prenatal, perinatal, postnatal, or undetermined causes. Family history, physical and neurological examinations, and detailed history of environmental risk factors might suggest a specific disease. However, diagnostic laboratory tests, brain imaging, and other evidence-based evaluations are necessary in most cases to elucidate the causes. Diagnosis of...

Case Report
Neonatal invasive Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus infection with delayed central nervous system complications
Jung-Weon Park, So-Hee Eun, Eui-Chong Kim, Moon-Woo Seong, Yun-Kyung Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(1):33-36.   Published online January 31, 2015

Group D streptococci are known to cause newborn septicemia and meningitis, but the Streptococcus bovis group strains rarely cause serious neonatal infections in Korea. Central nervous system (CNS) complications of neonatal S. bovis group infection have rarely been reported. In adults, S. bovis group strains cause bacteremia and endocarditis, and are associated with gastrointestinal malignancy. However, only a few studies...

Mycoplasma pneumoniae associated stroke in a 3-year-old girl
Gun-Ha Kim, Won Hee Seo, Bo-Kyung Je, So-Hee Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(9):411-415.   Published online September 30, 2013

Infectious diseases precede a significant proportion of acute ischemic strokes in children. Here, we report a case of acute ischemic stroke in a 3-year-old girl with a Mycoplasma pneumonia-associated respiratory tract infection. She developed an acquired prothrombotic state of protein S deficiency and had increased fibrinogen and fibrinogen degradation product levels and increased titer of antinuclear antibodies. However, these conditions...

Original Article
Early neurodevelopment in very low birth weight infants with mild intraventricular hemorrhage or those without intraventricular hemorrhage
Il Rak Choi, Jang Hoon Lee, Moon Sung Park, Ji Yeon Kim, Kyu Hee Park, Gun-Ha Kim, So-Hee Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(11):414-419.   Published online November 23, 2012
Purpose

This study aimed to assess early development in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with mild intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) or those without IVH and to identify the perinatal morbidities affecting early neurodevelopmental outcome.

Methods

Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II was used for assessing neurological development in 49 infants with a birth weight <1,500 g and with low grade IVH (≤grade II) or...

The current child and adolescent health screening system: an assessment and proposal for an early and periodic check-up program
Baik-Lin Eun, Jin Soo Moon, So-Hee Eun, Hea Kyoung Lee, Son Moon Shin, In Kyung Sung, Hee Jung Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(3):300-306.   Published online March 15, 2010
Purpose : Recent changes in the population structure of Korea, such as rapid decline in birth rate and exponential increase in old-aged people, prompted us to prepare a new health improvement program in children and adolescents. Methods : We reviewed current health screenings applied for children and adolescents in Korea and other developed countries. We collected and reviewed population-based data...
Review Article
Treatment and prognosis of neonatal seizures
So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(9):971-975.   Published online September 15, 2009
Seizures in the neonatal period are common and frequently indicate serious underlying brain injury. Neonatal seizures continue to present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to pediatricians because recognition and classification of neonatal seizures remain problematic, particularly when clinicians rely only on clinical criteria. Neonatal seizures can permanently disrupt neuronal development, induce synaptic reorganization, alter plasticity, and "prime" the brain to...
Original Article
Functional recovery after transplantation of mouse bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells for hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in immature rats
Wooksun Choi, Hye Kyung Shin, So-Hee Eun, Hoon Chul Kang, Sung Won Park, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Baik-Lin Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(7):824-831.   Published online July 15, 2009
Purpose : We aimed to investigate the efficacy of and functional recovery after intracerebral transplantation of different doses of mouse mesenchymal stem cells (mMSCs) in immature rat brain with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Methods : Postnatal 7-days-old Sprague-Dawley rats, which had undergone unilateral HI operation, were given stereotaxic intracerebral injections of either vehicle or mMSCs and then tested for locomotory activity in...
Multicenter clinical study of childhood periodic syndromes that are common precursors to migraine using new criteria of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-II)
Jae Yong Park, Sang-Ook Nam, So-Hee Eun, Su Jeong You, Hoon-Chul Kang, Baik-Lin Eun, Hee Jung Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(5):557-566.   Published online May 15, 2009
Purpose : To evaluate the clinical features and characteristics of childhood periodic syndromes (CPS) in Korea using the new criteria of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD)-II. Methods : The study was conducted at pediatric neurology clinics of five urban tertiary-care medical centers in Korea from January 2006 to December 2007. Patients (44 consecutive children and adolescents) were divided into...
Review Article
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(9):935-943.   Published online September 15, 2008
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral developmental disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity, as well as forgetfulness, poor impulse control or impulsivity, and distractibility. The recommended evaluation includes documenting the type and severity of ADHD symptoms, verifying the presence of normal vision and hearing, screening for comorbid psychological conditions, reviewing the child`s developmental history...
Original Article
Use of herbal medicine in epileptic children
Jee Yeon Lee, Wook Sun Choi, So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(4):415-419.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : Herbal medicine is thought to be widely used by children with epilepsy, but there have been few studies. This study aimed to investigate the perceptions and the actual conditions of usage of herbal medicine by children with epilepsy. Methods : From July to August 2007, three hundred seventy eight questionnaires were completed by parents of epileptic children who visited...
Efficacy and safety of oxcarbazepine in epileptic children
Hye Kyung Shin, Yoon Lee, Jee-Yeon Lee, Wooksun Choi, So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(2):162-169.   Published online February 15, 2008
Purpose : Oxcabarzepine (OXC), newly recommended antiepileptic drug, has been prescribed for patients with partial seizures and generalized tonic clonic seizures in Korea from 1999. There are limited reports about an efficacy of OXC therapy in epileptic children in Korea. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of OXC in the light of our experience. Methods : The patients, who had...
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