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Case Report
An adverse event following 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccination: a case of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
Sang Teak Lee, Young June Choe, Won Jin Moon, Jin Woo Choi, Ran Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2011;54(10):422-424.   Published online October 31, 2011

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that typically follows an infection or vaccination and has a favorable long-term prognosis. We describe the first reported case of ADEM after vaccination against novel influenza A (H1N1). A previously healthy 34-month-old boy who developed ADEM presented with a seizure and left-sided weakness 5 days after...

Two cases of spinal muscular atrophy type 1 with extensive involvement of sensory nerves
Ran Lee, Sochung Chung, Sung-Eun Koh, In Kyu Lee, Jongmin Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(12):1350-1354.   Published online December 15, 2008
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by diffuse proximal and distal weakness due to deletion of the survival motor neuron (SMN) gene localized on chromosome 5 (5q11.2-13.3). SMA has been considered as a pure lower motor neuron disorder, and a definitive diagnosis can be established by molecular genetic testing. Here, we describe two patients with severe...
Original Article
Analysis of the factors influencing headache and backache following lumbar puncture
Sang Taek Lee, Sochung Chung, Yong Mean Park, Sun Hwan Bae, Jeong Jin Yu, Ran Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(8):856-860.   Published online August 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aimed to examine the factors influencing the appearance of headache and backache following diagnostic lumbar puncture in children, focusing on the need for strict bed rest after lumbar puncture. Methods : We studied 70 two-fifteen-year-old pediatric patients who underwent diagnostic lumbar puncture from July 2005 to July 2007 at Konkuk University Hospital. We divided them into...
Coronary artery diameter of normal children aged 3 months to 6 years
Jeong Jin Yu, Suk Kyung Cho, Yong-Mean Park, Ran Lee, Sochung Chung, Sun Hwan Bae
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(6):629-633.   Published online June 15, 2008
Purpose : This study was designed to investigate normal domestic values for the diameter of the left main coronary artery (LCA), the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and the right coronary artery (RCA). These data are necessary to define dilatation of coronary arteries in Kawasaki disease cases. Methods : Study subjects were 43 normal healthy children whose ages ranged from...
Efficacy and safety of electrolytes-free polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 for disimpaction in children with chronic functional constipation
Jeong Hee Lee, Ran Lee, Sun Hwan Bae
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(4):391-395.   Published online April 15, 2008
Purpose : This study was performed evaluate optimal dose for disimpaction, efficacy and safety of PEG 4000 in children with chronic functional constipation. Methods : Eighty six children with chronic functional constipation were enrolled in this prospective study at Konkuk university hospital March, 2003 through August, 2006. Success in disimpaction with PEG 4000 was defined as meeting at least two out...
Comparison of Cytokine Expressions among Kawasaki Disease and Its Symptom-related Diseases
Ran Lee, So Hyun Park, Yu Jeong Kim, So Young Kim, Hyun Hee Kim, Wonbae Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(5):567-573.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : Kawasaki disease(KD) is an important acute febrile systemic vasculitis disease. Various cytokines have been studied to evaluate the pathogenesis of vascular injury. Some cytokines have been implicated for vascular injury, but there has been no direct evidence. We compared cytokine profiles of KD with Henoch-Sch nlein purpura(HSP), and febrile infections. Methods : We investigated the serum concentrations of...
Peripheral Neutrophil Count and Respiratory Failure in Preterm Infant
Kum Joo Lee, Soo Young Yun, Ran Lee, Jae Ho Hean, Ghee Young Jung, Jin Hee Park, Young Sun Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(5):596-602.   Published online May 15, 2002
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of peripheral neutrophil count with the development of respiratory failure in preterm infants. Methods : A retrospective study was conducted from January 1993 to December 1999 on 44 preterm infants, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of St. Francisco hospital. Preterm infants(birth weight 500 to 1,350...
Availability of Capillary Blood Gas Analysis in Neonate
Jong Tae Jeong, Su Young Yun, Ran Lee, Jae Ho Hyun, Gyu Young Jung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(4):449-453.   Published online April 15, 2002
Purpose : Arterial blood gas analysis is frequently performed in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to evaluate ventilation and the metabolic state of critically ill infants. In occasions when umbilical arterial catheterization is not available, frequent arterial puncture is mandatory. This requires some technical skill and may occasionally have side effects. So we studied the validity of capillary blood gas...
Factors Related to the Outcome of Neonatal Seizures
Sung Koo Kim, Ran Lee, In Kyu Lee, Ki Joong Kim, Young Seung Hwang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(2):267-273.   Published online February 15, 2000
Purpose : Seizures during the neonatal period may be an important indicator of serious neurologic abnormalities and can cause permanent neurologic sequelae. We attempted to find and analyze the factors related to the outcome of neonatal seizures. Methods : Seventy-six newborns with seizure were reviewed. The outcomes were analyzed according to etiologic diseases, gestational ages, characteristics of seizure, and neuroimaging and...
Case Report
A Case of Generalized Putular Psoriasis after Varicella Infection
Han Cheol Kim, Ran Lee, Jee Hae Kang, Gyu Young Jung, Jung Gee Lee, Mi Kyung Jee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(11):1606-1609.   Published online November 15, 1998
Generalized pustular psoriasis is the most servere form of psoriasis. This disorder is characterized by pustular skin lesions general symptoms such as high fever, weakness and peripheral blood leukocytosis. We have experienced a case of generalized pustular psoriasis after suffering from chickenpox which was diagnosed by clinical symptoms and pathologic features from a skin biopsy. This 4-year-old male patient was...
A Case of Ischemic Enteritis
Ran Lee, Jeong Kee Seo, Kwi won Park, Jong Je Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(2):254-259.   Published online February 15, 1997
Ischemic enteritis is caused by embolism or thrombosis of superior mesenteric artery and nonocclusive ischemia. Mesenteric venous thrombosis, drugs, and vasculitis are less frequent etiologic factors. In children, occlusion of microcirculation by fibrin thrombi initiated by endotoxemia may be an etiology. Severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea with evidence of gross or microscopic bleeding are common presenting symptoms. Angiography may be...
Antiphospholipid Syndrome Presented with Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Venous Thrombosis in Child
Ran Lee, Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Yong Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(5):722-726.   Published online May 15, 1996
Antiphospholipid syndrome is a thrombotic disorder and the serologic marker of the syndrome is antiphospholipid antibody(lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolpin antibody, or both). In a 13-year-old girl who presented with dyspnea, pulmonary embolism and femoral vein thrombosis were demonstrated by lung scan and abdominal ultrasonography. She had 3 out of 11 criteria for the diagnosis of SLE, such as thrombocytopenia, positive antinuclear antibody, low C3...
Two Male Siblings with Pseudohypoaldosteronism Type I
Ran Lee, Sang Yong Kim, Sung Dong Choi, Seung Yun Chung, Jin Han Kang, Byung Churl Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(2):262-268.   Published online February 15, 1994
Pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA) is rare herediary salt wasting syndrome due to peripheral resistance to aldostrone. PHA type I, subdivided into isolated renal insensitivity to aldosterone of autosomal dominant inheritance and multiple target organ defect of autosomal recessive inheritance, and PHA type II show similar clinical manifestations except hypertension which is limited to type II. PHA type I is charaterized by hyponatremia, hyperkalemia,...
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