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Case Report
Neurology
Mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion in a girl with acute pyelonephritis
Jung Sook Yeom, Chung Mo Koo, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2018;61(2):64-67.   Published online February 28, 2018

We report the case of a 12-year-old girl who had mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) associated with acutepyelonephritis caused by Escherichia coli. The patient was admitted with a high fever, and she was diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis based on pyuria and the results of urine culture, which detected cefotaxime-sensitive E. coli. Although intravenous cefotaxime and tobramycin were...

Infection
Distinctive clinical features of HPeV-3 infection in 2 neonates with a sepsis-like illness
Jung Sook Yeom, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn, Ok Jeong Lee, Tae-Hee Han, Ju-Young Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(7):308-311.   Published online July 31, 2016

We report a human parechovirus-3 (HPeV-3) infection in 2 neonates who had prolonged fever (>5 days) with palmar-plantar erythema. This distinctive rash was observed 4–5 days after fever onset, just before defervescence. Elevated aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, and ferritin levels were characteristic laboratory findings in the 2 cases, suggesting tissue damage caused by hypercytokinemia. Case 1 was treated with intravenous...

Original Article
Neurology
Factors associated with mumps meningitis and the possible impact of vaccination
Kyuyol Rhie, Heung-Keun Park, Young-Soo Kim, Jung Sook Yeom, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(1):24-29.   Published online January 22, 2016
Purpose

Mumps meningitis is a common complication of mumps infection; however, information on mumps meningitis in the postvaccine era is limited. The purpose of the present study was to determine factors associated with mumps meningitis and to discuss the effect of vaccination on this disease.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed patients younger than 19 years with mumps, diagnosed at a university hospital in Korea...

Case Report
The first pediatric case of tularemia in Korea: manifested with pneumonia and possible infective endocarditis
Jung Sook Yeom, Kyuyol Rhie, Ji Sook Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(10):398-401.   Published online October 21, 2015

Tularemia is a potentially severe zoonotic disease caused by Francisella tularensis. A lack of awareness about tularemia can be embarrassing and could result in delayed treatment because of improper diagnosis. The diagnosis of tularemia is difficult, because the infections are rare and the clinical spectrum is broad. As only 1 adult case has been reported in Korea thus far, pediatricians...

Original Article
Orthostatic symptoms does not always manifest during tilt-table test in pediatric postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome patients
Tae-Eon Huh, Jung Sook Yeom, Young-Soo Kim, Hyang-Ok Woo, Ji Sook Park, Eun Sil Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Ki-Jong Park, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(1):32-36.   Published online January 29, 2013
Purpose

Chronic day-to-day symptoms of orthostatic intolerance are the most notable features of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS). However, we have encountered patients with such symptoms and excessive tachycardia but with no symptoms during the tilt-table test (TTT). We aimed to investigate whether POTS patients with chronic orthostatic intolerance always present orthostatic symptoms during the TTT and analyze the factors underlying...

Correlaton between soluble transferrin receptor concentration and inflammatory markers
So Young Kim, Meong Hi Son, Jung suk Yeom, Ji sook Park, Eun Sil Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(4):435-440.   Published online April 15, 2009
Purpose : The concentration of soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) is estimated as an iron parameter to evaluate erythropoiesis and iron status. The aim of our study is to evaluate the correlation between sTfR concentration and inflammatory parameters and to distinguish iron deficiency anemia from anemia of inflammation. Methods : One hundred and forty-four infants younger than two years of age who...
Clinical characteristics of deep neck abscess in children; 15 year experience in a university hospital
Min-Ji Goo, Jeong-Suk Yeom, Eo-Jin Kim, Jung-Je Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun-Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(7):649-654.   Published online July 15, 2007
Purpose : The objective of this study was to clarify the presentation, associated preceding illness, pathologic organisms, treatment and outcome of deep neck abscess in children according to age and location. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the in-patient charts of children treated at our hospital for deep neck abscess. Thirty-five such patients were identified as having been treated...
Case Report
Two cases of congenital atretic encephalocele misdiagnosed as dermoid cyst
Jae-Hui Kim, Jae-Min Cho, Jin-Myung Jung, Eun-Sil Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(9):1000-1004.   Published online September 15, 2006
Atretic cephalocele is a degenerative form of encephalocele, which is detected as a cystic mass in the head, primarily in infants. Its presentation and prognosis vary and depend on various factors, including the nature of the tissues within the cyst, other concomitant anomalies, the site of development, and the presence or absence of an embryonic straight sinus. We here report...
A case of true thymic hyperplasia in the mediastinum with ectopic thymus in the neck
Hyun-Jung Kim, Sun-Hwa Jang, Ji-Sook Park, Eun-Sil Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(9):996-999.   Published online September 15, 2006
True thymic hyperplasia and ectopic thymus are very rare in children. In embryologic aspect, thymus is distributed around cervical area and ends up in mediastinum. This case is simultaneous thymic hyperplasia of neck and mediastinum. Ectopic thymus in the neck and thymic hyperplasia in the mediastinum in children were reported 2 and 7 cases respectively in Korea. In Clinical aspects,...
Original Article
A clinical study on the etiology of parapneumonic effusion in children
Jung-Sook Yeom, Won-Tae Bae, Eun-Sil Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(1):56-63.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : This study was designed to document the etiologies and the characteristics of parapneumonic effusion in children. Methods : During a 17-year period from 1987 to 2004, parapneumonic effusion was confirmed in 86 children at Gyeongsang National University Hospital. The clinical records of these children were reviewed and radiological findings and laboratory data, especially results of thoracentesis, were analyzed retrospectively. Results...
Cause and Prognosis of Pediatric Acute Respiratory Failure by Intrapulmonary Lesion
Hye-Young Lee, Ji-Suk Park, Hee-Ra Choi, Ji-Hyun Seo, Jeum-Su Kim, Jae-Young Lim, Myoung-Bum Choi, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(5):555-560.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : Respiratory failure arises from derangements in pulmonary gas exchange. The causes may be classified as due to either lung disease or respiratory pump dysfunction. Problems with lung mechanics is an important cause of acute respiratory failure in children clinically. The aims of this study were to survey the cause and prognosis of children diagnosed with acute respiratory failure...
Values of Lung CT in Children with a Vague History of Aspiration
Myoung-Bum Choi, Hyang-Ok Woo, Jum-Su Kim, Ji-Hyoun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Jin-Jong You, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(4):399-404.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of spiral computed tomography (CT) using contiguous slices with partially thin sections around the hilar level in the bronchial foreign bodies of children with a vague history of aspiration. Methods : Fourteen children were identified to be examined with spiral CT due to obscure histories of aspiration episodes....
Case Report
A Case of ARCI Syndrome with Hypoplasia of Corpus Callosum and Heart Anomaly
Eo-Jin Kim, Young-Ran Yoon, Min-Hae Lee, Ki-Su Kang, Jae-Young Lim, Myoung-Bum Choi, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(8):826-830.   Published online August 15, 2003
ARCI syndrome consists of arthrogryposis, renal tubular acidosis, cholestatic jaundice and icthyosis. We experienced an ARCI syndrome case with corpus callosum hypoplasia and atrial septal defect. This case had oral feeding difficulty, multiple joint contracture, renal tubular acidosis and neurogenic muscular atrophy at neonatal period. At two months of age, icthyosis and cholestatic jaundice were diagnosed. The case was hospitalized...
Monosomy 21 Mosaicism in a Child with Dyserythropoiesis
Jae-Young Lim, Ji-Hyoun Seo, Myoung-Bum Choi, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(4):397-399.   Published online April 15, 2003
All complete monosomy 21 appear to be lethal early in their development in humans and only survive in mosaic forms. Complete monosomy 21 is a very rare and usually debilitating genetic disorder. Partial monosomy 21 is also rare and is thought to constitute a clinical syndrome consisting of peculiar faces, hypertonia, psychomotor retardation, and slow growth. We experienced a case...
Original Article
Detection of Helicobacter pylori by Pre-embedding Immunoelectron Microscopy -Comparison with Immunoblotting Method
Hae-Seoung Jung, Eun-Jung Kim, Eun-A Kim, Ji-Hoe Park, Jin-Su Jun, Ji-Hyoun Seo, Jae-Young Lim, Myoung-Bum Choi, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn, Gyung-Hyuck Ko, Seung-Chul Baik, Woo-Kon Lee, Myung-Je Cho, and Kwang-Ho Rhee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(7):862-874.   Published online July 15, 2002
Purpose : We tried to evaluate whether the detection rate of Helicobacter pylori in gastric biopsy specimens could be improved by using pre-embedding immunoelectron microscopy. Methods : A total of 119 children who complained of upper gastrointestinal symptoms were endoscoped at the Gyeongsang National University Hospital from July, 1996 to July, 1999. Five biopsy specimens(three for urease test, one for...
Case Report
Galloway-Mowat Syndrome in Two Siblings
Hae-Sung Jung, Eun-Young Cho, Jae-Young Lim, Ji-Hyeoan Seo, Myoung-Bum Choi, Chan-Ho Park, Hang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(9):1081-1084.   Published online September 15, 2001
We report on two Korean siblings with multiple congenital anomalies : microcephaly, gyral abnormality, minor facial anomalies, and congenital nephrotic syndrome. The first infant developed proteinuria at age 3 days. This condition appeared similar to that described by Galloway and Mowat and reviewed by Cooperstone, et al, especially the presence of abnormal gyral patterns. She died at 19 months. The second infant; the brother...
Original Article
Whole Blood and Plasma Vitamin C Concentrations in Children of 1-6 Years of Age in the Chinju Area
Hyang-Ok Woo, Jin-Su Jun, Ji-Hoe Park, Young-Suk Kim, Eun-A Kim, Jae-Young Lim, Myoung-Bum Choi, Chan-Hoo Park, Hee-Shang Youn, Gyung-Hyuck Ko, Chan-Hoo Park, Woo-Kon Lee, Myung-Je Cho, Kwang-Ho Rhee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(5):501-508.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : Vitamin C among antioxidants in human is a physiological antioxidant for protection against diseases. We measured the vitamin C concentrations of whole blood and plasma among children in early childhood at normal condition in order to know the presence of vitamin C deficiency. Methods : The venous blood was collected from 471 subjects at 1-6 years of ages in...
Changes in Incidence of Infantile Transient Methemoglobinemia Associated with Infectious Diarrhea during 1989-1999 in Kyungnam Province
Young Suk Kim, Eun-A Kim, Jae-Young Lim, Myoung-Bum Choi, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Byung-Kiu Park, Hee-Shang Youn, Yang-Suk Jung, Dong-Jin Lee, Jung Hee Kim, Eun Jeong Kim, Chul Kyu Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(12):1569-1576.   Published online December 15, 2000
Purpose : Infantile transient methemoglobinemia(ITM) may develop in association with infectious diarrhea without exposure to any toxic oxidizing agents. We observed that the number of ITM associated with infectious diarrhea have increased at the Gyeongsang National University Hospital (GNUH), located in the western area of Kyungnam province during the last 4 years. To determine whether this phenomenon was similarily observed...
Case Report
A Childhood Case of Nephrotic Syndrome Complicated with Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis Followed by Left Popliteal Artery Thrombosis
Si-Eun Lee, Sue-Jin Lee, Yang-Suk Jung, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Jin-Jong Yoo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(7):1019-1025.   Published online July 15, 1999
We report a 10-year-old male with steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome which was complicated by cerebral venous sinus thrombosis including superior sagittal sinus and left popliteal artery thrombosis following 5 months later. At each thrombotic episode, he suffered from relapse of massive proteinuria with hypovolemic crisis, and from hemoconcentration with dehydration due to vomiting or diarrhea. Brain MR angiography confirmed thromboses of...
Original Article
Whole Blood and Plasma Vitamin C Level in Healthy Middle and High School Students in Chinju
Yang-Suk Jung, Jae-Young Lim, Eun-A Kim, Yun-Kyeong Cho, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn, Gyung-Hyuck Ko, Seung-Chul Baik, Woo-Kon Lee, Myung-Je Cho, Kwang-Ho Rhee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(6):748-755.   Published online June 15, 1999
Purpose : Recommended dietary allowance of vitamin C was determined without considering the important function of vitamin C as a first-line antioxidant. We measured the whole blood and plasma vitamin C concentrations of healthy middle and high school students in Chinju to assess the optimal daily vitamin C requirement in these age groups. Methods : Whole blood and plasma vitamin C...
Case Report
Two Childhood Cases of Heat Stroke with Rhabdomyolysis and Multiorgan Failure
Yang-Suk Jung, Jae-Young Lim, Yun-Kyeong Cho, Gye-Woo Yi, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(4):568-573.   Published online April 15, 1998
Heat stroke occurs when body thermal regulation is upset and unable to dissipate adequate amounts of heat with rise in body temperature. Thus heat stroke may result in rhabdomyolysis and multiorgan failure. We observed two childhood cases of heat stroke with rhabdomyolysis and multiorgan failure. One case was caused by accidentally being left in a car trunk for 3 hours on a sunny afternoon...
Two Cases of Factor XI Deficiency in Sisters
Yun-Kyeong Cho, Jae-Young Lim, Yang-Suk Jung, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Byung-Kiu Park, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(3):401-404.   Published online March 15, 1998
We experienced two cases of factor XI deficiency in a 5 yearr 7 month-old girl, whose chief complaint was coke-colored gross hematuria, and her 9-year-old elder sister. The laboratory findings were prolonged aPTT and prominent deficiency of factor XI. The gross hematuria of the index case was identified due to acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis. So we report two cases of factor...
A Case of Infected Urachal Cyst Mimicking Acute Peritonitis
Myoung-Bum Choi, Yoon-Ok Kim, Ge-Woo Yi, Yun-Kyeong Cho, Jae-Young Lim, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(10):1466-1468.   Published online October 15, 1996
Infected urachal cyst is a rare disorder. While a urachal cyst is usually asymptomatic, the infected cyst may mimic a variety of acute intraabdominal infection. We have experienced a case of infected urachal cyst in a 3 year old boy complaining of high fever and diarrhea. During hospitalization, symptoms and sings of acute peritonitis dominated the clinical feature. Abdominal sonogram, abdominal computerized tomography and cavitogram...
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