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Editorial
Pulmonology
Influence of coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic on respiratory health in children
Hyo-Bin Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2022;65(7):348-349.   Published online May 3, 2022
· Practicing hand hygiene, wearing a mask, maintaining social distancing, and other lockdown measures were implemented to reduce the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a worldwide disaster that started in 2019.
· The advent of the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic resulted in positive secondary effects, such as reduced respiratory viral infections in children and decreased degrees of air pollution.
Original Article
Allergy
Asthma predictive index as a useful diagnostic tool in preschool children: a cross-sectional study in Korea
Dong Hyeon Lee, Ji-Won Kwon, Hyung Young Kim, Ju-Hee Seo, Hyo-Bin Kim, So-Yeon Lee, Gwang-Cheon Jang, Dae-Jin Song, Woo Kyung Kim, Young-Ho Jung, Soo-Jong Hong, Jung Yeon Shim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2020;63(3):104-109.   Published online November 8, 2019
Question: Is physician-diagnosed current asthma in preschool children associated with the asthma predictive index, atopic sensitization, or pulmonary function test?
Finding: Physician-diagnosed current asthma in preschool children was associated with the asthma predictive index, but not with spirometry, methacholine provocation test, fractional expiratory nitric oxide level, and atopic sensitization.
Meaning: Physician-diagnosed asthma in preschool children may be different from classic atopic asthma in school children or adolescents.
Case Report
Allergy
Drug eruption by antihistamine mistaken for chronic urticaria in a child
Gun Moo Lee, Shou-Yu Chu, Sung Yeon Kang, Hyo-Bin Kim, Jin-Sung Park, Ja Kyoung Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(2):75-78.   Published online October 30, 2018
Although rare, antihistamines can cause adverse effects, including drug-induced eruptions or anaphylaxis. A 4-year-old child visited the pediatric department of a hospital for skin eruptions after administration of antihistamines, (e.g., ucerax [hydroxyzine] or leptizine [levocetirizine]), for cholinergic rashes; he did not have pruritus. Skin prick, intradermal, and drug provocation tests were performed to determine the relationship between the antihistamines and...
Original Article
Association between cord blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and respiratory tract infections in the first 6 months of age in a Korean population: a birth cohort study (COCOA)
Youn Ho Shin, Jinho Yu, Kyung Won Kim, Kangmo Ahn, Seo-Ah Hong, Eun Lee, Song-I Yang, Young-Ho Jung, Hyung Young Kim, Ju-Hee Seo, Ji-Won Kwon, Byoung-Ju Kim, Hyo-Bin Kim, Jung Yeon Shim, Woo Kyung Kim, Dae Jin Song, So-Yeon Lee, Soo Young Lee, Gwang Cheon Jang, Dong In Suh, Hyeon-Jong Yang, Bong Sung Kim, Suk-Joo Choi, Soo-Young Oh, Ja-Young Kwon, Kyung-Ju Lee, Hee Jin Park, Pil Ryang Lee, Hye-Sung Won, Soo-Jong Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(10):439-445.   Published online October 31, 2013
Purpose

Previous studies suggest that the concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in cord blood may show an inverse association with respiratory tract infections (RTI) during childhood. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of 25(OH)D concentrations in cord blood on infant RTI in a Korean birth cohort.

Methods

The levels of 25(OH)D in cord blood obtained from 525 Korean...

Nationwide surveillance of acute interstitial pneumonia in Korea
Byoung-Ju Kim, Han A Kim, Young-Hwa Song, Jinho Yu, Seonguk Kim, Seong Jong Park, Kyung Won Kim, Kyu-Earn Kim, Dong Soo Kim, June Dong Park, Kang Mo Ahn, Hyo-Bin Kim, Hyang-Min Jung, Chun Kang, Soo-Jong Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(3):324-329.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) is a rare disease, but its prognosis is fatal because of lack of efficient treatment modality. Recently, it has been reported that there was epidemic AIP in Korea. This study aims to investigate the past and current status of AIP in Korea. Methods : We performed a nationwide survey and a prospective study. From August...
Airway Compression or Airway Anomaly Causing Respiratory Symptoms in Infants and Children with Cardiovascular Diseases
Ja-Hyeong Kim, So-Yeon Lee, Hyo-Bin Kim, So-Eun Koo, Sung-Jong Park, Young-Hui Kim, In-Suk Park, Jae-Kon Ko, Dong-Man Seo, Soo-Jong Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(7):737-744.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : Infants and children with cardiovascular diseases often present with respiratory symptoms. However, missed or delayed evaluation for potential airway problem may complicate overall prognosis. The aim of this study is to determine the clinical characteristics of these patients and explore the cause of airway problem. Methods : We reviewed the medical records of 64 patients(M : F=33:31, mean...
Clinical Outcome and Prognostic Factors of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Children
Jung-Min Ko, Eun-Ju Ha, Eun-Hee Lee, So-Youn Lee, Hyo-Bin Kim, Soo-Jong Hong, Seong-Jong Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(6):599-605.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the causes, clinical courses and outcomes in children with acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS), and evaluate the physiologic variables as prognostic factors in the patients. Methods : Retrograde medical chart review was carried out in 24 patients who were diagnosed with ARDS at the pediatric intensive care unit(PICU) during 20-month period. Results...
Airway Expandible Metallic Stent Implantation in Children with Tracheal or Bronchial Stenosis
Ju Young Jang, Hyo-Bin Kim, So Yeon Lee, Ja Hyung Kim, Seong Jong Park, Ji Hoon Shin, Soo-Jong Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(5):512-517.   Published online May 15, 2005
Purpose : In adults, endoscopic tracheobronchial balloon dilatation and stenting have become valuable methods to establish and maintain an adequate airway lumen when tracheomalacia or neoplastic growth compromise the airways. But in children, only a few cases were reported due to technical problems. We report six children who were treated with stent implantation and describe the use and safety of...
Clinical Study of Children Using Home Mechanical Ventilation
Young Joon Ahn, Seung Hyeon Lee, Hyo-Bin Kim, Seong Jong Park, Tae Sung Ko, Soo-Jong Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(4):401-405.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : The use of mechanically-assisted ventilators at home reduces morbidity and improves the quality of life in children with chronic respiratory failure. But in Korea there is no clinical data of children with home mechanical ventilation. We investigated ventilator types, duration, the causes of failure or death, and the cost needed for care. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the medical...
Outcome after Discontinuation of Antiepileptic Drugs in Well Controlled Epileptic Children - Recurrence and Related Risk Factors
Hyo-Bin Kim, Su Jeong You, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(1):66-75.   Published online January 15, 2004
Purpose : There has been no exact criteria established for when to discontinue antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in epileptic children who had been well controlled for a long period. This study was undertaken to evaluate the recurrence rate and predictive risk factors of relapse after discontinuation of AEDs in epileptic children who had been seizure-free. Methods : We retrospectively studied 294 children...
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