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Original Article
Cardiology
Association of Toll-like receptor 2-positive monocytes with coronary artery lesions and treatment nonresponse in Kawasaki disease
Soo Jung Kang, Nam Su Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(7):208-215.   Published online July 31, 2017
Purpose

Activation of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) present on circulating monocytes in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) can lead to the production of proinflammatory cytokines and interleukin-10 (IL-10). We aimed to determine the association of the frequency of circulating TLR2+/CD14+ monocytes (FTLR2%) with the outcomes of KD, as well as to compare FTLR2% to the usefulness of sIL-10.

Methods

The FTLR2% in patients...

Review Article
Neonatal innate immunity and Toll-like receptor
Hye Sun Yoon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(12):985-988.   Published online December 31, 2010

The innate immune response is the first line of defense against microbial infections. Innate immunity is made up of the surface barrier, cellular immunity and humoral immunity. In newborn, immunologic function and demands are different to adults. Neonatal innate immunity specifically suppresses Th1-type immune responses, and not Th2-type immune responses, which are enhanced. And the impaired response of macrophages is...

Original Article
Toll-like receptor 9 expression and interferon-α secretion upon CpG-ODN stimulation in allergic subjects
Man Yong Han, Hye Mi Jee, Hyeong Yoon Kim, Cho Ae Lee, Hyo-Jin Cho, Seong-Gyu Hwang, Kyu-Earn Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(9):1015-1020.   Published online September 15, 2009

Purpose:The aim of this study is to explore the effect of the Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) expressed in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) that respond to antigen to Th2 immune deviation in allergic patients. Methods:Subjects consisted of 19 allergic patients and 17 healthy volunteers. Skin prick tests and nasal provocation tests were performed for the two groups. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
Toll-like receptor 2 expression on monocytes from patients with BCG vaccine-associated suppurative lymphadenitis
Hyun Joo Oh, Kyung-Sue Shin
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(6):667-673.   Published online June 15, 2009
Purpose : Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is critical in the immune response to mycobacterial infections. The purpose of this study was to analyze TLR2 surface expressions and TLR2-mediated tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) production in patients with BCG vaccine-associated suppurative lymphadenitis. Methods : Peripheral monocytes were separated from 16 patients with BCG vaccine-associated suppurative lymphadenitis and 10 healthy...
Medical Lecture Course
Innate Immunity and Toll Like Receptors
Kyung Hyo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(1):6-11.   Published online January 15, 2004
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