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Review Article
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Growth patterns of preterm infants in Korea
Joohee Lim, So Jin Yoon, Soon Min Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2022;65(1):1-9.   Published online July 8, 2021
∙ The growth of preterm infants is a main focus of neonatology.
∙ Preterm infants in Korea, especially those with a very low birth weight, achieve retarded growth.
∙ Careful growth monitoring and early intervention will contribute to better development outcomes and quality of life for preterm infants and improve public health.
Original Article
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Fluconazole prophylaxis against invasive candidiasis in very low and extremely low birth weight preterm neonates: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Mahmoud Robati Anaraki, Masoud Nouri-Vaskeh, Shahram Abdoli Oskoei
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2021;64(4):172-179.   Published online May 14, 2020
· Mortality is decreased significantly in meta-analysis of studies in different regimen of fluconazole prophylaxis.
· Significant decrease was seen in incidence of invasive candidiasis-associated mortality in extremely low birth weight infants in same schedules of prophylaxis.
· More studies required to relief the concerns.
Placental histopathology in late preterm infants: clinical implications
Kristina Ericksen, Joshua Fogel, Rita P. Verma
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2020;63(2):48-51.   Published online August 19, 2019
Question: Placental histopathology and its clinical implications in late preterm infants.
Finding: Placental vascular anomalies are more, and placental inflammation less common in late preterm infants compared to term. Higher maternal age, magnesium sulfate therapy and hypertension are clinical risk factors associated with late preterm delivery.
Meaning: Prevention and aggressive management of hypertension, and conception before 30 years of age might be effective in preventing late preterm births.
The impact of a quality improvement effort in reducing admission hypothermia in preterm infants following delivery
Han Saem Choi, Soon Min Lee, Hoseon Eun, Minsoo Park, Kook-In Park, Ran Namgung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2018;61(8):239-244.   Published online August 15, 2018

Purpose: Hypothermia at admission is associated with increased mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. We performed a quality improvement (QI) effort to determine the impact of a decrease in admission hypothermia in preterm infants. Methods: The study enrolled very low birth weight (VLBW) infants born at Gangnam Severance Hospital between January 2013 and December 2016. This multidisciplinary QI effort included the...
Augmentation of respiratory muscle activities in preterm infants with feeding desaturation
Dong Rak Kwon, Gi Young Park, Ji Eun Jeong, Woo Taek Kim, Eun Joo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2018;61(3):78-83.   Published online March 19, 2018
Purpose

Frequent desaturation due to immature incoordination of suck-swallow-breathing in preterm infants can influence multiple organs such as the heart, lungs, and brain, which can then affect growth and development. Most notably in preterm infants, feeding desaturation may even affect pulmonary function during gavage feeding. Because respiratory muscle activities may reflect the work required during respiration, we evaluated the differences in...

Review Article
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Fetal and preterm infant microbiomes: a new perspective of necrotizing enterocolitis
Yong-Sung Choi, In Gyu Song
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(10):307-311.   Published online October 20, 2017

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating condition of hospitalized preterm infants. Numerous studies have attempted to identify the cause of NEC by examining the immunological features associated with pathogenic microorganisms. No single organism has proven responsible for the disease; however, immunological studies are now focused on the microbiome. Recent research has investigated the numerous bacterial species residing in the body...

Original Article
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Effects of cord blood vitamin D levels on the risk of neonatal sepsis in premature infants
Birgul Say, Nurdan Uras, Suzan Sahin, Halil Degirmencioglu, Serife Suna Oguz, Fuat Emre Canpolat
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(8):248-253.   Published online August 14, 2017
Purpose

Vitamin D plays a key role in immune function. Vitamin D deficiency may play a role in the pathogenesis of infections, and low levels of circulating vitamin D are strongly associated with infectious diseases. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of low vitamin D levels in cord blood on neonatal sepsis in preterm infants.

Methods

One hundred seventeen premature...

Effect of early postnatal neutropenia in very low birth weight infants born to mothers with pregnancy-induced hypertension
Yang Hee Park, Gyung Min Lee, Jung Min Yoon, Enn Jung Cheon, Kyung Ok Ko, Yung Hyuk Lee, Jae Woo Lim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(12):462-469.   Published online December 20, 2012
Purpose

In this study, we aimed to investigate the perinatal clinical conditions of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants born to mothers with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) focusing on the effects of early postnatal neutropenia.

Methods

We reviewed the medical records of 191 VLBW infants who were born at Konyang University Hospital, between March 2003 and May 2011. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics...

The Effect of Histologic Chorioamnionitis on the Development of Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Chronic Lung Disease in Preterm Infants
Heui seung Jo, Beyong Il Kim, Chang Won Choi, Jun Dong Park, Chong Jai Kim, Jung-Hwan Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(2):150-156.   Published online February 15, 2004

Purpose: Histologic chorioamnionitis may play a role in the development of respiratory distress syndrome(RDS) and chronic lung disease(CLD) independently or through its association with preterm birth. We investigated the relationship between histologic chorioamnionitis and clinical complications including, RDS and CLD, of preterm infants. Methods: Clinical data were collected retrospectively from 478 preterm infants(gestational period≤34 weeks) who were admitted to the neonatal...
The Clinical and Prognostic Survey of The Preterm Infants Delivered from Pregnancy-induced Hypertension Mothers
Seoung Pyo Han, Sang Kee Park, Chang Hoon Song, Jong Park, Kyoung Sim Kim, Young Youn Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(1):64-71.   Published online January 15, 2002
Purpose : This study was undertaken to review the clinical and hematologic findings of the preterm infants delivered from pregnancy induced hypertension(PIH) mothers. Methods : The data were collected by reviewing the medical records on the current prognosis of preterm birth and sending questionnaires on the status of NICU. We reviewed the medical records from two university hospitals and two resident training hospitals in...
The Effect of Massage on Premature Infants
Hee Sook Son, Jae Woo Lim, Kyuchul Choeh, Chang Soo Ra, Hark Hee Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(8):1046-1051.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : To determine the effects of massage therapy on growth, development, hormones, immune function, hepatic function, hematopoietic function and sleep pattern of preterm infants. Methods : Thirty-one preterm infants of less than 35 weeks gestational age, who were admitted to Eulji Medical College Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between August 1998 and May 1999, and were in the state without mechanical ventilation or...
Physiological Effects of Kangaroo Care(skin-to-skin care) in Small Preterm Infants and Their Parents
Heng-Mi Kim, Soo-Young Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(3):365-371.   Published online March 15, 2000
Purpose : Kangaroo care is the practice of holding a small premaure infant, naked except for a diaper and hat, against a parent's chest. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and feasibility of kangaroo care in a NICU as defined by physiological variables. Methods : Ten stable, spontaneously breathing preterm infants, weighing less than 2,000gm were...
Effects of Cisapride on QTc Interval and QT Dispersion in Preterm Infants
Heui Seung Jo, Chang Won Choi, Yun Kyung Lee, Hee Seok Kim, Jun Dong Park, Jun Huh, Beyong Il Kim, Chung Il Noh, Jung-Hwan Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(2):188-194.   Published online February 15, 2000
Purpose : Cisapride, a prokinetic agent, is widely used in preterm infants with feeding intolerance or gastroesophageal reflux. Although cisapride is regarded as a safe drug, increased QTc interval or ventricular arrhythmia has been reported in adults and neonates. So we prospectively examined the effects of cisapride on the QTc interval and QT dispersion in preterm infants. Methods : QTc interval...
Comparison of Treatment Course and Outcome between Medically and Surgically Treated Patent Ductus
Jeong Geun Kim, Jeong Nyun Kim, Dong Chul Park, Shin Yeong Lee, Hyun Chul Lee, Myung Jae Chey, Churl Young Chung,
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(10):1334-1341.   Published online October 15, 1998
Purpose : Early intervention is needed to treat patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) as it is a major cause of increased mortality in preterm infants. However, it is uncertain which is better, medical versus surgical management. We reviewed medical records to compare the treatment course and outcome between medically and surgically treated preterm PDA infants. Methods : Thirth-two Mechanically ventilated pretem infants(gestational age<34...
Comparison of Continuous versus Intermittent Infusion of Indomethacin in PDA of Preterm Infants
Yun Kyoung Lee, Hee Seok Kim, Kyoung Ran Park, Chan Hu Park, June Dong Park, Beyong Il Kim, Woong Heum Kim, Jung Hwan Choi, Chong Ku Yun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(5):599-605.   Published online May 15, 1998
Purpose : Patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) of prematurity is very important disease to study because it causes many cases of perinatal morbidity and its incidence is now increasing. Nowadays indomethacin is the drug of choice for PDA closure, but its use has been limited due to its side effects. Therefore, we compared the effect and side effects of indomethacin according to...
Comparison of Continuous Versus Intermittent Infusion of Indomethacin in PDA of Preterm Infants
Yun Kyoung Lee, Hee Seok Kim, Kyoung Ran Park, Chan Hu Park, June Dong Park, Beyong Il Kim, Woong Heum Kim, Jung Hwan Choi, Chong Ku Yun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(4):464-470.   Published online April 15, 1998
Purpose : Patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) of prematurity is very important disease to study because it causes many cases of perinatal morbidity and its incidence is now increasing. Nowadays indomethacin is the drug of choice for PDA closure, but its use has been limited due to its side effects. Therefore, we compared the effect and side effects of indomethacin according to the infusion method, continuous...
Visual Evoked Potentials in Healthy Preterm Infants
Young Kook Kim, Young Hwan Kim, Young Sook Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(9):1219-1226.   Published online September 15, 1997
Purpose : The visual evoked potentials(VEPs) offer a window both on visual system function and on cerebral or neurologic function. The study was performed to evaluate the maturation of VEP in preterm infants and to present a guide to detect high risk neonates who can develop neurodevelopmental abnormalities. Methods : The VEPs were recorded in response to binocular stimulus with light-emitting diode goggles. VEP recordings...
Somatosensory Evoked Potential of Median Nerve in Preterm Infants
Young Hwan Kim, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(6):801-808.   Published online June 15, 1997
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to standardize the somatosensory evoked potential(SEP) latency and amplitude of healthy preterm infants according to the postconceptional age. Methods : The median nerve SEPs were recorded in 30 healthy preterm infants who were followed up until 6 months and were neurodevelopmentally normal. Results : The mean peak latency and interpeak amplitude were following : P0=20.89±6.09(msec), N1=26.32±5.18, P1=31.16±6.59, N2=36.52±7.22...
Doppler Analysis of Postprandial Intestinal Blood Flow in Healthy Preterm Infants
Yu In Park, Young Kook Kim, Young Sook Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(6):780-787.   Published online June 15, 1996
Purpose : The newborn period is a time of rapid physiological change in the gastrointestinal tract, when adaptation from a state of parenteral nutrition to the demands of enteral feeding take place. little is known about the intestinal vascular responses that accompany intestinal adaptive changes, although there is much speculation about the relationship between entreral feeding, alterations in gut perfusion,...
Clinical Studies of Metabolic Bone Disease of Prematurity
Seung-Yeon Suh, Eun-Kyung Lee, Ran Namgung, Hae-Jung Joo, Min-Soo Park, Kook-In Park, Chul Lee, Dong-Gwan Han, Meung-Jun Kim, Jin-Suk Suh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1995;38(2):159-169.   Published online February 15, 1995
Purpose : Preterm formula used in Korea, theoretically does not supply the recommended mineral intake for optimal bone metabolism in very low birth weight infants(Formula 500-700 mg Ca/L, 300~370mg P/L, and 440IU of vitamin D/L). The purpose of this study is to identify th e possible etiologic factors and clinical course of rickets in these infants. Methods : We recently identified...
Comparison between Preterm and Fullterm infants in Neonatal Sepsis
Sung Hee Kim, Kum Hee Hur, Hee Sup Kim, Myoung Jae Chey, Kil Hyoun Kim, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(11):1542-1554.   Published online November 15, 1993
We retrospectively evaluated datas on 61 cases of neonatal sepsis confirmed by clinical symptoms and blood cultures at the NICU of Gil General Hospital From Mar. 1989, to Reb. 1992. The result obtained were as follows : 1) The mean gestational age was 32.7±2.6 weeks in preterm infants, and 39±1.5weeks on term infants. The mean birth weight was 1,701.4±422.4g in preterm infants,...
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