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Original Article
Clinical manifestations of headache in children younger than 7 years
Bu Seon Kang, Jinsun Lee, Jin Hyuk Choi, Hyeok Hee Kwon, Joon Won Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2018;61(11):355-361.   Published online September 16, 2018

Purpose: Headache is a common symptom during childhood. It is usually persistent and requires special care. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of headache in children <7 years of age. Methods: We reviewed 3 years of clinical files on children <7 years of age with a chief complaint of headache. Results: This study included 146 children (66 males, 80 females; mean...
Case Report
New daily persistent headache with isolated sphenoiditis in children
Jeongho Lee, Minhee Rhee, Eun Sook Suh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(2):73-76.   Published online February 28, 2015

Isolated sphenoid sinusitis is a rare disease in children, and its symptoms are often nonspecific and confusing. Rarely, severe headache can be the first or only symptom of isolated sphenoid sinusitis. New daily persistent headache (NDPH) is a form of chronic daily headache that may have features of both migraines and tension-type headaches. NDPH is difficult to diagnose and requires...

Original Article
Screening for depression and anxiety disorder in children with headache
Sang Mi Lee, Jung-Rim Yoon, Yoon Young Yi, Soyong Eom, Joon Soo Lee, Heung Dong Kim, Keun-Ah Cheon, Hoon-Chul Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(2):64-68.   Published online February 28, 2015

The purpose of this study was to investigate the importance of initial screening tests for depression and anxiety disorders in children with headache. In addition, this study evaluated whether the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) and Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS) are suitable for screening symptoms of depression and anxiety.


A retrospective chart review was conducted of 720 children aged 7-17...

The relationship between primary headache and constipation in children and adolescents
Mi-Na Park, Min-Gyu Choi, Su Jeong You
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(2):60-63.   Published online February 28, 2015

Many patients presenting with headache also complain of constipation; the relationship between these two symptoms has not been explored in detail. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between primary headache and constipation.


This retrospective study included all children who attended the Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital complaining of headache, and who had been followed up for at...

Short-lasting headaches in children and adolescents
Young-il Rho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(8):869-874.   Published online August 15, 2009

Purpose:Short attacks of headache are present in the pediatric age group. Short-lasting headaches (SLH) have been infrequently reported in children and adolescents. This study aims to assess the prevalence, clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of short-lasting headaches in children and adolescents. Methods:One hundred twenty-three consecutive patients attended the Chosun University Hospital Headache Center between March 2006 and July 2007. Among 123 headache patients, 44...
Multicenter clinical study of childhood periodic syndromes that are common precursors to migraine using new criteria of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-II)
Jae Yong Park, Sang-Ook Nam, So-Hee Eun, Su Jeong You, Hoon-Chul Kang, Baik-Lin Eun, Hee Jung Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(5):557-566.   Published online May 15, 2009
Purpose : To evaluate the clinical features and characteristics of childhood periodic syndromes (CPS) in Korea using the new criteria of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD)-II. Methods : The study was conducted at pediatric neurology clinics of five urban tertiary-care medical centers in Korea from January 2006 to December 2007. Patients (44 consecutive children and adolescents) were divided into...
Analysis of the factors influencing headache and backache following lumbar puncture
Sang Taek Lee, Sochung Chung, Yong Mean Park, Sun Hwan Bae, Jeong Jin Yu, Ran Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(8):856-860.   Published online August 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aimed to examine the factors influencing the appearance of headache and backache following diagnostic lumbar puncture in children, focusing on the need for strict bed rest after lumbar puncture. Methods : We studied 70 two-fifteen-year-old pediatric patients who underwent diagnostic lumbar puncture from July 2005 to July 2007 at Konkuk University Hospital. We divided them into...
A study for post-diagnostic lumbar puncture headache in children
Gook Chan Jang, Eun Seok Yang, Kyung Rye Moon, Young Bong Park, Young Il Rho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(8):761-766.   Published online August 15, 2007
Purpose : Post-lumbar puncture headache is common complaint. A study of post-diagnostic lumbar puncture headache in children is rare. Various factors that might influence the occurrence of post- diagnostic lumbar puncture headache in children exist. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the frequency and risk factors for post-diagnostic lumbar puncture headache in children. Methods : From March 2005...
Epidemiology and clinical characteristics of headache comorbidity with epilepsy in children and adolescents
Young Il Rho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(7):672-677.   Published online July 15, 2007
Purpose : To assess the prevalence and characteristics of headache comorbidity with epilepsy in children and adolescents in a specialty epilepsy clinic. Methods : Two hundred twenty nine consecutive patients attending the Chosun University Hospital Pediatric Epilepsy Clinic (mean age 10.0?.1 years, range 4-17, M:F ratio 1.1:1.0) were interviewed with a standardized headache questionnaire. Headache was classified according to the...
A study for headaches and backaches occurrence after diagnostic lumbar puncture in children
In Young Choi, Kyong Yun Park, Young Taek Jang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(7):751-756.   Published online July 15, 2006
Purpose : Our goals were to determine the frequency of headaches and backaches occurring as a side effect following lumbar puncture in children, and to investigate various factors that might influence the frequency of headaches and backaches. Methods : From October 2004 to February 2006, we enrolled 148 patients aged 2 to 15 years who received diagnostic lumbar puncture at the...
Case Report
A case of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome
Do Gyun Kim, Young Ok Kim, Young Jong Woo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(6):696-699.   Published online June 15, 2006
소아에서 드물게 보고되는 토로사-헌트 증후군은 둔하면서 지속적인 안와 주위의 통증과 안구운동 장애 및 해면동 주위의 뇌신경 침범을 특징으로 하는 질환으로 비특이적 염증조직에 기인한 것으로 알려져 있다. 이는 자연 치유도 가능하나 대개 스테로이드가 증상의 회복에 효과적이며 신속한 호전을 유도한다. 토로사-헌트 증후군은 그 예후가 양호하다고 알려져 있으나 일부는 치료 후에 재발하기도 한다. 우리는 토로사-헌트 증후군으로 진단받고 스테로이드 치료 후 특별한 휴우증 없이...
Original Article
A study of neuropeptides related to headaches in children with meningeal irritation signs
Bo Gil Seo, Myung Hwan Yoo, Jae Won Shim, Jung Yeon Shim, Hye Lim Jung, Moon Soo Park, Deok-Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(5):533-538.   Published online May 15, 2006
Purpose : The headache, one of the symptoms of meningitis, is related to abrupt elevation of intracranial pressure(ICP) or stimulation of intracranial nociceptive structure. However, in cases of mild elevation of ICP or normal findings of cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) analysis, patients sometimes complain of headaches. Therefore, other pathways may contribute to the occurrence of headaches in aseptic meningitis or meningismus. We...
Review Article
Headaches in children and adolescents : diagnosis and treatment
So Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(4):354-363.   Published online April 15, 2006
Headaches are common in children and become more common and increase in frequency during adolescence. There are various causes of headaches. The majority of cases are considered as primary and include migraine and tension headaches. The rational evaluation of headache begins with careful history. Migraine is genetically determined recurrent pain syndrome accompanied by neurological and gastrointestinal features, involving interaction of...
Original Article
A clinical study of migraines without aura in children : based on revised international headache society criteria
Bo Gil Seo, Myung Hwan Yoo, Jae Won Shim, Jung Yeon Shim, Hye Lim Jung, Moon Soo Park, Deok-soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(1):71-75.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : Because migraine in children has different characteristics from that in adults, it is inappropriate to apply migraine criteria for adults to children. Recently, the International Headache Society(IHS) revised criteria regarding children's characteristics. Therefore, we reviewed the characteristics of childhood migraines without auras based on the revised criteria and compared the data with the findings of childhood migraine by...
Clinical Lecture
Clinical Approach to Headache in Childhood
Soo Ahn Chae
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(4):349-354.   Published online April 15, 2005
Headache is a common complaint in pediatric office practices as well as in children presenting to emergency departments. Children who complain of headache usually are brought to medical attention by their parents, who seek reassurance that the headaches are not a sign of a serious illness. The etiologies of headache range from school problems to brain tumors. A history taking,...
Original Article
Clinical Studies of Sinus Headache in Children
Eun Ah Lee, Chang Woo Lee, Doo Young Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(6):617-622.   Published online June 15, 2004
Purpose : Headache is a common reason for children to seek medical care. There are many causes of headaches in children, such as migraine and its variants, tension, intracranial masses, and sinusitis. A high frequency of diagnosis of sinus headache, which specialists consider to be relatively rare, raises the possibility that migraine and other headache types are sometimes mistaken for...
Prevalence and Epidemiologic Charicteristics of Chronic Recurrent Headache in Primary School Children
Young-Il Rho, Young-Bong Park, Eun Seok Yang, Sang Kee Park, Eun Youngn Kim, Jong Park, Kyung-Rye Moon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(2):119-126.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of chronic recurrent headache and the factors associated with it among primary school children. Methods : The survey was performed by a special questionnaire on one thousand and eleven children in grades 4 to 6 at primary schools from 1 to 30 June 1999 in Gwangju city. Results : Prevalence...
A Clinical Study of Migraine and Tension-type Headache in Children
Sang-Soo Park, Nam-Cheol Cho, Gyue-Gun Hwang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(3):364-373.   Published online March 15, 1999
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to help diagnosis migraine and tension-type headache in children with chronic recurrent headache by comparing clinical characteristics of migraine and tension-type headache Methods : We performed a clinical analysis of 89 children diagnosed as migraine and/or tension- type headache by using international headache society classification with the aid of Prenky’s criteria of migraine...
EEG Abnormalities in Henoch-Schölein Purpura
Hae Wom Cheon, Dong Gun Park, Kee Hwan Yoo, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(11):1600-1606.   Published online November 15, 1994
Schölein-Henoch purpura is a generalized small vessel vasculitis characterized by non-thrombocytopenic purpura, arthritis, abdominal pain and nephritis. In 1913 Osler described an allergic purpura associated with hemiplegia. After then Lewis et al. Reported the cases of Schölein-Henoch purpura associated with convulsion, coma, confusion, intracranial hemorrhage, and chorea, CNS complication has been reported in 1-8% of children and subsided spontaneously in...
Causes of Chronic Headache in Children.
Han Koo Moon, Son Moon Shin, Yong Hoon Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1990;33(12):1680-1688.   Published online December 31, 1990
Chonic headache is one of the most common symptoms in childhood diseases. Headache may occur as a symptom of many clinical disorders, including emotional disorders, head injuries, migraine, intracranial masses, intracranial inflammations or diseases of the eyes? ears, or nose, etc. But it may not always be possible to determine the cause in a given case despite elavorate diagnostic procedure because of non-obvious experession...
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