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Case Report
Bloody nipple discharge in an infant
Ji Yeon Seo, Sang Jeong Kim, Soon Joo Lee, Eun Song Song, Young Jong Woo, Young Youn Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(10):917-920.   Published online October 31, 2010

Although milky nipple discharge appears frequently in infants, bloody nipple discharge is a very rare finding. We experienced a 4-month-old, breast-fed infant who showed bilateral bloody nipple discharge with no signs of infection, engorgement, or hypertrophy. The infant's hormonal examination and coagulation tests were normal, and an ultrasound examination revealed mammary duct ectasia. The symptoms resolved spontaneously within 6 weeks...

Original Article
Change of interictal epileptiform discharges after antiepiletic drug treatment in childhood epilepsy
Mun Ju Kim, Sang Ook Nam
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(4):560-564.   Published online April 15, 2010
Purpose : Electroencephalography (EEG) findings can play a critical role in a variety of decisions, including initiation and withdrawal of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) therapy. Interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) are predictor of recurrent seizures. We investigated IEDs in EEG after AED therapy and related factors in epileptic children. Methods : The subjects were 257 children [151 males and 106 females; age,...
Comparison of occurrence rate of the epileptiform discharge between awake EEG and sleep EEG in childhood epilepsy
Yu Jin Jung, Kyoung Ah Kwon, Sang Ook Nam
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(8):861-867.   Published online August 15, 2008
Purpose : We carried out this study to determine if there is any difference in the occurrence rate of the epileptiform discharge between awake EEG and sleep EEG and if there are any factors influencing on the occurrence rate of EEG. Methods : This study included 178 epileptic children who had visited neurology clinic of the department of pediatrics, Pusan National...
A Study on the Clinical Significance of Periodic Lateralized Epileptiform Discharges and Relation to Brain Imaging Study in Children
Jong Hwa Lee, Eun Young Park, Nam Su Kim, In Joon Seol
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(3):380-385.   Published online March 15, 2000
Purpose : Periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges(PLEDs), initially described by Chatrian et al in 1964, are an EEG phenomenon characterized by lateralized or focal spike-and-wave complexes with moderate to high voltage which occur in a periodic or semiperiodic pattern. This study was performed to assess the clinical significance of PLEDs and its relation to an imaging study of the brain. Methods :...
Clinical study on epileptiform discharge in children.
Wonil Park, Hong Jin Lee, Kung Ja Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(11):1559-1564.   Published online November 30, 1991
Seizures are the most common neurologic manifestation in childhood. The demonstration of epileptiform disshonge on EEG not only support clinical diagnosis but also aid the classification of epilepsy. 174 patients with recurrent seizure were taken EEG studies in Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital from Jan. 1985 to Dec. 1990. and 71 patients (40.8%) of them occured epilepiform discharge in inital EEG recording. The incidence of epilepiform pattern...
Two Siblings of Congenital Hypothyroidsm due to Organification Defect.
Young Kie Park, Kwang Sun Park, Byung Churl Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(4):582-588.   Published online April 30, 1989
Congenital hypothyroidism due to a variety of defects in the biosynthesis of thyroid hormone is detected in 1/30,000-50,000 live births. In the iodide organification defect which is one of defect in the biosynthesis of thyroid hormone, iodide is not organified and may be rapidly discharged from the thyroid by administration of perchlorate. We experienced two siblings who had short stature, goiter, mental retardation, constipation and other...
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