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Original Article
Congenital Asymptomatic Cytomegalovirus Infection; A Comparison of Specific IgM Antibody Test and pp65 Antigenemia Assay
Jong Hyun Kim, Eun Ah Seo, Ji Hyang Lim, Sang Hee Park, Won Bae Lee, Kyong Su Lee, Sin Ho Jung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(2):163-169.   Published online February 15, 1998
Purpose : It is increasingly important to diagnosis asymptomatic infections which make up a majority(90%) of congenital cytomegalovirus(CMV) infections and that they may have sequeles such as sensorineural hearing loss and mental retardation. Recently antigenemia assay has been developed by using monoclonal antibodies against early structural protein pp65 of CMV. This CMV antigenemia assay seems to be more quicker to...
Follow-Up Study of Urinary Tract Infection Associated with Vesicoureteral Reflux
Do Whan Kil, Jea Eun Lee, Wan Seob Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(12):1692-1700.   Published online December 15, 1997
Purpose : Vesicoureteral reflux(VUR) is the major cause of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children. Prolonged untreated UTI associated with VUR may result in serious complications, such as renal scarring, renal atropy, and decreased renal function. Therefore, follow up must be continued until UTI is cured completely, to prevent of serious complication. The authors conducted this study to evaluate results of the follow-up of...
Diagnostic Value of 99mTc-DMSA SPECT in Children with Urinary Tract Infection
Jae Won Choi, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Duk Yoon Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(11):1559-1566.   Published online November 15, 1997
Purpose : The accurate identification of renal cortical defects in children with urinary tract infection is essential in reducing subsequent morbidity. Imaging of the kidneys with 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) has been demonstrated as the sensitive method available for identification of renal cortical defects. Single photon emission computerized tomography(SPECT) has been suggested as a method by which the accuracy of identification of renal cortical defects can...
Comparison of Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Nosocomial and Community-Acquired Pathogens in Children of Medium-Sized Hospital
Kil Soo Joung, Jae Kook Cha, Kon Hee Lee, Hye Sun Yoon, Wonkeun Song
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(11):1537-1543.   Published online November 15, 1997
Purpose : We evaluated the identification and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of nosocomial and community-acquired pathogens in children of the medium-sized hospital. Methods : The 357 bacterial strains isolated from Pediatric department of Dongsan Sacred Heart Hospital were examined the species identification and antimicrobial susceptibility test during the period of March to October 1996. Results : Fifty three strains(15%) of 357 strains were nosocomial pathogens. A...
Epidemiologic and Clinical Feature of Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infections by Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Parainfluenza Virus in Children
Jeoung Jin Lee, Hyeon Seon Park, Mi Ran Kim, Dug Ha Kim, Hae Ran Lee, Chong Young Park, Woo Kap Chung, Kyu Man Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(8):1071-1080.   Published online August 15, 1997
Purpose : This is to analyze epidemic and clinical features of acute respiratory tract infections(ALRTI) by respiratory syncytial virus(RSV) and parainfluenza virus(PIV), which are considered to be the major respiratory pathogens in children. Methods : Nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from 515 patients with ALRTI hospitalized at Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital between Apr. ’94 and Oct. ’96. Nasopharyngeal aspirates were inoculated to...
Urinary Interleukin-1β Levels in Children with Urinary Tract Infection
Kyung Hyo Kim, Young Mi Hong, Gyoung Hee Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(7):981-990.   Published online July 15, 1997
Purpose : IL-1β and TNF-α are important mediators of the inflammatory response in serious bacterial infections. The mucosal and systemic IL-1β and TNF-α responses to urinary tract infection are analyzed in children with acute urinary tract infection. Methods : We studied the levels of these two cytokines in the urine and sera of 21 children at diagnosis and after treatment with sandwich ELISA method. Results...
Clinical Manifestations of Recurrent Abdominal Pain May Differ with Helicobacter pylori Infection in Children
Nam Seon Beck, I-Seok Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(7):965-973.   Published online July 15, 1997
Purpose : The role of H. pylori in the pathogenesis of recurrent abdominal pain in children is uncertain. In order to find a correlation between H. pylori infection and recurrent abdominal pain in children, the present study was designed to compare the clinical manifestations between recurrent abdominal pain children with and without H. pylori infection and to investigate the effects of H. pylori eradication...
Etiology and Clinical Features of Acute Viral Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Apparently Healthy children
Song Yi Nah, Jeong Yun Hong, Eun Hwa Choi, Hoan Jong Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(12):1690-1699.   Published online December 15, 1996
Purpose : Acute lower respiratory tract infections(LRIs) are an important cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality. Causes of acute LRI in infants and children include bacteria, mycoplasma and respiratory viruses. Understanding of the epidemiology, etiology and clinical features of acute viral LRI is essential to improve the methods of prevention, diagnosis and management of these infections. Methods : Viral etiologic agents and clinical features of...
Diagnosis of Cytomegalovirus Infection in Neonatal and Infantile Periods Using Polymerase Chain Reaction
Young Ah Lee, Kyoung Lee, In Seong Jo, Woo Gap Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(9):1271-1279.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : The aims of present study were to document the incidence of cytomegalovirus infection in neonatal and infantile periods especially in high-risk patients of associated infection by nested PCR of DNA from leukocytes and to evaluate the effectiveness of nested PCR in the diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus infection. Methods : Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral leukocytes of 204 neonates and infants during the...
Diagnosis of Bordetella Pertussis Infections by Polymerase Chain Reaction
Mi Ran Kim, Hee Jung Kang, Hoan Jong Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(9):1260-1270.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : Pertussis, a respiratory tract infection caused by Bordetella pertussis, is an important cause of morbidity in children. But diagnosis of pertussis is often delayed because of late development of typical symptoms and difficulties in culture. There has been no bacteriologically confirmed case of B. pertussis infection in Korea. Lower respiratoy tract may be involved in pertussis. We performed the polymerase chain reaction(PCR)...
Cytodiagnostic Urinalysis in the Differentiation of Leukocyturias of Children with Bacterial Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) from Those of Children without UTI
Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Young Joon Hong, Jin Q Kim, Yong Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(8):1122-1129.   Published online August 15, 1996
Purpose : Although routine urinalysis can detect leukocyturia, difficulties remain in differentiating subpopulations of leukocytes and various epithelial cells in urinary sediments. This study was performed to appreciate the value of cytodiagnostic urinalysis in the discrimination of leukocyturias of bacterial urinary tract infection (UTI) from those without UTI. Methods : Urine from 12 children with UTI (UTI group) and from 11 children without UTI (non-UTI...
Case Report
A Case of Acute Viral Myositis
Jong-Hoon Kwak, Kyung-Yil Lee, Ji-Whan Han, Sung-Soo Hwang, Jae-Kyun Huh, Kyong-Su Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(4):572-576.   Published online April 15, 1996
Diffuse myalgia is common in transient systemic viral infections but overt myositis, with weakness and signs of muscle inflammation, rarely accompanies viral infection in chidren. We describe a 8-year-old boy with severe myalgia and tenderness in both lower extremities, whose unusual skeletal muscle uptake on Technetium-methylene diphosphate bone scan helped to diagnosis of myositis. Clinical course, muscle-derived enzyme studies(AST, ALT,...
A Case of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection Presented with Apnea
Eun Ha Choi, Seong Hee Jang, Young Min Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(4):558-561.   Published online April 15, 1996
Respiratory syncytial virus(RSV) is currently implicated as the most common and otentially serious viral respiratory pathogen of young infants. Apnea in association with RSV infection occurred in about 18% of the infants. Premature birth and a young postnatal age were risk factors for development of apnea with RSV disease. We experienced a case of RSV infection in a 37 day-old...
Original Article
Mucormycosis in Leukemic Children
Seung Ghon Nam, Eun Wha Choi, Jin Young Park, Jong Jae Kim, Hee Young Shin, Hoan Jong Lee, Hyo Seop Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(3):379-388.   Published online March 15, 1996
Purpose : Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fungal infection caused by one of the ubiquitous fungi of the order Mucorales, occurring almost exclusively in immunocompromised hosts such as patients with diabetes, leukemia and lymphoma. Recently the incidence of mucormycosis is rising associated with the increasing predisposing factors such as cytotoxic drugs and immunosuppressive agents. Though mucormycosis is frequently fatal, there has...
Neurologic Complications Associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection
Sung-Jong Park, Tae-Sung Ko, Hyung-Nam Moon, Chang-Yee Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(3):346-353.   Published online March 15, 1996
Purpose : Mycoplasma pneumoniae is known to be a common respiratory pathogen in children and cause neurologic complications in some patients. The clinical spectrum of the neurologic complications is wide, ranging from mild meningeal signs to severe neurologic symptoms with poor outcomes. The overall mortality in patients with neurologic complications has been approximated upto 10% and significant residual deficits could...
Case Report
A Case of Cerebral Infarction Associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection
Young Jae Koh, Dong Jun Kim, In Joon Seol, Ha Baik Lee, Ki Woong Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(1):115-119.   Published online January 15, 1996
Mycoplasma pneumoniae has been shown to be of etiologic importance in cases of upper-and lower-respiratory tract infections, especially in children and young adults. It may cause a variety of extrapulmonary manifestations in multiple organ systems, most commonly the central nervous system. The extrapulmonary syndromes include meningitis, cerebral infarction, acute transverse myelitis, psychosis, cerebellar ataxia, Guillain-Barré syndrome and Reye syndrome. Cerebral...
Original Article
Appraisal of the Results of Throat Swab Culture Obtained from Pediatric Outpatient Clinic
Sung-Ho Cha, Byoung-Soo Cho, Hwan-Jo Suh, Jin-Tae Suh, Seon-Ju Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1995;38(7):895-900.   Published online July 15, 1995
Purpose : We can meet a lot of patients with the upper respiratory tract infection in outpatient clinic, most of them are caused by viral in origin, which make us consider prudent prescribing antibiotics. But on the other hand, the accurate diagnosis and proper treatment of group A streptococcal upper respiratory infection should be emphasized concerning about possible development of...
Infections in Children with Neoplastic Disease
Eun Hwa Choi, Jin Won Pyo, Jin Young Park, Kyung Bae Kwon, Bo Young Yun, Hee Young Shin, Hoan Jong Lee, Hyo Seop Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1995;38(3):366-377.   Published online March 15, 1995
Purpose : Infection is a major complication in patients with malignant disease. This study was performed to identify the causes and the etiologic agents of febrile infections and to characterize the clinical courses including the response to antimicrobial agents inpediatric cancer patients. Methods : This study reviewed 274 febrile episodes occurring in 163 children with neoplastic disease which were indentified prospectively...
Acinetobacter Infection in Neonatal Intensive Care Units(NICU)
Won-Gyu Bum, In-Suk Kim, Young-Hee Kim, Young-Youn Choi, Jae-Sook Ma, Tai-Ju Hwang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(12):1669-1675.   Published online December 15, 1994
Purpose : Acinetobacter becomes one of the important organisms in hospital infection especially intensive care units. Recently we experienced four times of outbreaks of Acinetobacter infection in Neonatal Intensive Care Units(NICU), Chonnam University Hospital. Clinical and epidemiologic study was performed to emphasize the importance of hospital infection. Methods : During the period from November 1992 to July 1993, twenty-one patiencts of...
A Clinical Study on Urinary Tract Infection in Infants and Children
Yoon Hwa Cha, Hee Ran Choi, Seong Hee Jang, Young Min Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(11):1488-1499.   Published online November 15, 1994
This is a report of clinical study on the 63 patients of symptomatic urinary tract infection who were hospitalized at the Department of Pediatrics in Kangnam General Hospital during the period between the May of 1989 and the September of 1992. The observation results were as follows: 1) The frequency of urinary tract infection (UTI) was the highest in children...
Clinical Observation of urinary Tract Anomalies
In Hee Jung, Hong Jin Lee, Sang Joo Han, Won Il Park, Kyung Ja Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(8):1092-1096.   Published online August 15, 1994
Urinary tract anomaly is the most common anomaly in childhood. We reviewed medical records of 45 patients who were confirmed urinary tract anomalies on radiologic studies as Chuncheon Sacred Hospital, from Dec. 1984 to Sep. 1992. We analyzed incidence and clinical characteristics of urinary tract anomalies. The results obtained were as follows: 1) The age distrtibution were: 17 cases (37.8%) under...
Protective Effect of Breast Feeding for Infection
Jin Kyung Jung, In Nam Kang, Dong Ju Sin, Doo Bong Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(7):906-912.   Published online July 15, 1994
A Comparative study was retrospectively performed with 374 infants in order to find protective effect of breast feeding for infection. This study shows that breast feeding protect infant against gastrointestinal and respiratory infcttion. Breast feeding offers advantage by reducting gastraintestinal and respiratory infection when they should maintain breast feeding for at least three months. 1) First year morbidity increased with extent of artificial...
Primary Cutaneous Aspergillosis in Leukemic Children
Jin Young Park, Mee Ran Kim, Hee Young Shin, Hoan Jong Lee, Hyo Seop Ahn, Je Guen Chi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(4):520-526.   Published online April 15, 1994
Primary cutaneous aspergillosis is rare. In this report we describe primary skin infection by Aspergillus in 9 children with leukemia. The skin lesion was characterized clinically by erythematous macule and papule associated with pain and itching, followed by a rapid progression to ulcer and central black eschars with raised erythematous border at the site of venipuncture, insertion of intravenous cannula,...
Coxiella Burnetii Infection In Patients With Various Diseases
Kyo Sun Kim, Won Young Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(3):356-367.   Published online March 15, 1994
Coxiella burnetii(C. burneii) was first recognzed as the agent of Q fever in 1937. Q fever is an acute self-limited febrile illness. However, it manifests with several clinical symptoms depending upon the organs that are involved. The association of C. burnetii with human neoplasia has been rarely reported. We prospectively studied the 55 patients with fever of unknown origin, pneumonia, hepatos-plenomegaly,...
Renal Scarring in Relation to Vesicoureternal Reflux in Uriary Tract Infection
Kwang Sun Han, Dong Jin Choi, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Young Tae Ko, Sun Wha Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(10):1402-1406.   Published online October 15, 1993
The vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is frequently found among the patients with urinary tract infection (UIT) and some patients with VUR progress to reflux nephropathy. The presence of scarring at UIT is an important determinant in the selection of those at risk of progressive damage. 99m Technetium dimercaptosuccinic acid (99mTc-DMSA) is a renal scanning agent provides a good quality of renal image...
Case Report
A Case of Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome
Dong Un Kim, Seung Hoon Han, Jin Han Kang, Joon Sung Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(3):439-446.   Published online March 15, 1993
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome s an X-linked combined immunodeficency disorder characterzed by severely decreased number of platelets which are small in size, eczema resembling atopic dermatitis and recurrent infection. The serum of the patient contains elevated concentrations of IgA and IgE, whereas the IgG level is usually normal and IgM level is deecreased. The patient also shows skin test anergy and progressive...
Original Article
Childhood Infection-associated Hypocalcemia
Mi Reong Kim, Seoung Hwan Kim, Hee-Shang Youn, Chong-Hwa Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(2):223-231.   Published online February 15, 1993
The causes of hypocalcemia in patients suffering from severe infection including sepsis are largely uncertain. So we measured serum albumin, total protein, cholesterol, PTH, and calcitonin of the infection-associated hypocalcemic chlidren and compared with those of normocalcemic children department of pediatrics of Gyeongsang National University Hospital. Hypocalcemic patients were compared to the decreased amount of serum albumin in the hypocalcemic...
Follow up Study of Urinary Tract Infection Associated with Vesicoureteral Reflux
Kyung Hee Kim, Young Jin Hong, Soon Wha Kim, Don Hee Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(12):1713-1721.   Published online December 15, 1992
The authors studied 25 cases with urinary tract infection associated with vesicoureteral reflux who were admitted to department of pediatrics, National Medical Center. The patients were managed medically or surgically and followed up. The results were summarized as follows; 1) There were no difference in age and sex distributions of the 25 cases with vesicoureteral reflux. 2) The degree of reflux classified by International...
Screening of urinary Tract Infection in High-Risk Neonates
Hyeon Joo Choi, Seung Joo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(12):1683-1679.   Published online December 15, 1992
Since the urinary tract infection (UTI) in neonates is often associated with major urologic anomalies, early diagnosis is essential. In the screening of UTI by urine bag, contamination is a commonly encountered problem. Suprapubic bladder puncture has therefore been recommended as the best method to confirm UTI. The purpose of this study is to assess the frequency and characteristics of...
Clinical Application of APR score in the Detection of Neonatal Infections; Comparison of Fullterm and Premature
Sei-Joon Ko, Sang Mi Ha, Mi Kyeung Lee, Soon Il Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(12):1674-1682.   Published online December 15, 1992
We measured APR scores for the 100 newborns of having suspected systemic infection prospectively, and evaluated the clinical significance of the results of the APR scores; in fullterm babies and in premature babies. The percentage of high APR score group (≥2) was 81% in fullterm and 66% in premature babies. When the results of the APR scores were compared to the...
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