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Original Article
A comparison of provoked seizures and febrile seizures associated with minor infections
Eun-Ju Lee, Won Seop Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(4):376-380.   Published online April 15, 2007
Purpose : Febrile seizures occur in childhood associated with a febrile illness not caused by infections of the central nervous system. Provoked seizures are identified with seizures in association with infections that do not usually affect the brain such as gastroenteritis, except criteria for other febrile seizures in this study. We studied seizures provoked by minor extracranial infections, to contrast...
The outcome of perinatal prophylaxis for HBeAg positive mothers according to the maternal HBV-DNA levels at the delivery time
On Jeong, Jong-Hyun Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(4):347-354.   Published online April 15, 2007
Purpose : Perinatal hepatitis B viral infection is decreasing; however, 10% of babies to HBeAg positive mothers still become chronic carriers despite perinatal prophylaxis. Although, the cause of prophylaxis failure is still unclear, an importance of maternal HBV-DNA level at the delivery time has been suggested. This study was established to certify if it would be a useful predictable factor...
Susceptibility tests of oral antibiotics including cefixime against Escherichia coli, isolated from pediatric patients withcommunity acquired urinary tract infections
Soo Young Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Jong Hyun Kim, Jae Kyun Hur, Sun Mi Kim, Sang Hyuk Ma, Jin Han Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(7):777-783.   Published online July 15, 2006
Purpose : Urinary tract infection(UTI) is one of the most frequent infections in children. E. coli is the most frequent etiological micropathogen in pediatric community UTI, and E. coli has developed resistance to many antibiotics, highlighting the need for regular surveys of this organism resistant patterns in the community. The aim of this study was to determine the oral antibiotic...
Human metapneumovirus infection in Korean children
Hee-Hyun Yeom, Joon-Soo Park, Dong-Jun Jeong, Chang-Jin Kim, Yong-Bae Kim, Dea-Hoon Lee, Kyung-Joong Kim, Jong-Yoon Chun, Chun Kang, Yoon-Seok Chung, Hyang-Min Cheong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(4):401-409.   Published online April 15, 2006
목 적 : 호흡기 감염증의 주된 원인 중 하나인 hMPV가 2001년 van den Hoogen 등에 의해 네덜란드에서 처음으로 발견된 후 여러 나라에서 보고되었지만, 국내에서 hMPV의 검출에 대한 보고는 대단히 드물다. 따라서 저자들은 우리나라에서 hMPV의 역학을 연구하고자 하였다. 방 법 : 2004년 10월부터 2005년 5월까지 순천향대학교 천안병원 소아과에 급성 하기도염으로 입원한 218명의 비인두 흡인액을 추출한 뒤 RT-PCR을 시행하고, hMPV가 검출된 환아들의 비인두...
Urinary tract infections in infants under six months of age
Min Joo Kang, Hye Kyung Shin, Hyung Eun Yim, Bo-Kyung Je, So Hee Eun, Byung Min Choi, Jong-Tae Park, Baik Lin Eun, Kee Hwan Yoo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(3):278-286.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : Although suprapubic bladder aspiration(SBA) is the most reliable technique for identifying bacteriuria in young infant, no report has been published about the clinical manifestations of urinary tract infection(UTI) diagnosed by aspirated urine in Korea. This study was performed to examine clinical manifestations and related factors of UTI confirmed by a positive urine culture obtained by SBA in young infants. Methods : We reviewed...
Helicobacter pylori reinfection rate by a 13C-urea breath test and endoscopic biopsy tests in Korean children
Jeong Ok Shim, Jeong Kee Seo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(3):268-272.   Published online March 15, 2006
Purpose : The reinfection rate of H. pylori reported before 13C-urea breath test(13C-UBT) era was higher than that of the post 13C-UBT era. Children are usually reluctant to receive invasive endoscopic evaluation for the reinfection of H. pylori, particularly when they are asymptomatic. The aim of the study is to discover the reinfection rate by different diagnostic tests, and to...
Epidemiology of central venous catheter related blood stream infections in pediatric patients
Jung Hyun Kim, Ho Sun Eun, Kyung Min Choi, Dong Soo Kim, Dong Eun Young
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(2):157-161.   Published online February 15, 2006
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to investigate the pathogens of central venous catheter-related blood stream infections and search for the association among the insertion site, the duration and the underlying conditions with the prevalence of central venous catheter-related blood stream infections under 15 years old. Methods : A retrospective study was performed from Jan, 2003 to Dec, 2003...
Review Article
Helicobacter pylori infection and abdominal pain in children
Jeong Kee Seo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(2):136-143.   Published online February 15, 2006
The relationship between H. pylori(Hp) infection and recurrent abdominal pain(RAP) in children is not clear. Current data in the literature regarding a causal relationship between Hp infection and childhood RAP are conflicting. However, meta-analysis and most of the recently published studies have not supported an association between Hp infection and an increased prevalence of abdominal pain. Most published studies have...
Original Article
Usefulness of serum procalcitonin test for the diagnosis of upper urinary tract infection in children
Dong Wook Kim, Ju Young Chung, Ja Wook Koo, Sang Woo Kim, Tae Hee Han
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(1):87-92.   Published online January 15, 2006
Purpose : It is difficult to make a distinction between lower urinary tract infection(UTI) and acute pyelonephritis(APN) during the acute phase of febrile UTI due to nonspecific clinical symptoms and laboratory findings, especially among young children. We measured the serum procalcitonin(PCT) in children with UTI to distinguish between acute pyelonephritis and lower UTI, and to determine the accuracy of PCT...
Clinical Entities and Etiology of Invasive Bacterial Infections in Apparently Healthy Children
Joon Ho Lee, Eun Kyoung Song, Jin A Lee, Nam Hee Kim, Dong Ho Kim, Ki Won Park, Eun Hwa Choi, Hoan Jong Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(11):1193-1200.   Published online November 15, 2005
ilus influenzae has been declined to 4% each from 23% and 14%, respectively, compared to previous study. S. agalactiae was the most common isolate in the infants ≤3 months. Among the infants and children aged 3 months to 2 years and children of 2-5 years, S. pneumoniae(57%, 52%, respectively, in each group) was the most common isolates followed by S....
Clinical Lecture
Infection and Innate Immunity
Moo-Young Oh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(11):1153-1161.   Published online November 15, 2005
As known by other name(natural immunity), the innate immune system comprises all those mechanisms for dealing with infection that are constitutive or built in, changing little with age or with experience of infection. Though in some ways less sophisticated than adaptive immunity, innate immunity should not belittled, since it has evidently protected thousands of species of invertebrates sufficiently to survive...
Original Article
The Occurrence of Renal Scarring in Children with nilateral Vesicoureteral Reflux
Tae Ho Lee, Mi Ran Son, Soon Ok Byun, Jung Woong Moon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(9):998-1003.   Published online September 15, 2005
Purpose : We evaluated the occurrence of renal scarring in children with unilateral vesicoureteral reflux(VUR), and the relationships between renal scar formation and risk factors such as VUR, duration of fever, acute-phase reactant, age, and sex. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the data of 35 children newly diagnosed with unilateral vesicoureteral reflux after urinary tract infection(UTI) in Wallace Memorial Baptist...
Antibiotic Sensitivity to the Major Causative Organisms of Acute Urinary Tract Infection in Children
Yung Kwun Lee, Hee Chul Lee, Jung Mi Chun, So Young Yoon, Woo Gill Lee, Son Moon Shin
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(7):760-765.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : We studied the changes in antibiotic sensitivity to the causative organisms of urinary tract infection(UTI), in order to provide useful information on the choice of adequate drugs in the treatment of UTI. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the major causative organisms and their antibiotic sensitivities in 69 patients diagnosed with UTI in the Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Cheil Hospital...
Etiology and Clinical Features of Viral Lower-respiratory Tract Infections in Children in Winter, 2003
Byung Ho Yun, Hee Chul Lee, Jung Mi Chun, So Young Yoon, Woo Gill Lee, Son Moon Shin
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(7):723-730.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : This study was performed to characterize the etiology and clinical features of acute viral lower-respiratory tract infections(LRI). Methods : Etiologic agents and clinical features of acute viral LRI were studied from October. 2003 through March. 2004 in hospitalized children with LRI(253 cases) at Samsung Cheil Hospital. The viruses were identified by indirect immunofluorescent method. Medical records of patients with...
Etiology of Community-acquired Bacteremia in Healthy Children
Hyung Tae Kim, Hyun Oh Jang, Jin Soo Moon, Seung Yeon Nam, Dong Wook Kim, Chong Guk Lee, Chong Rae Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(7):716-722.   Published online July 15, 2005
Purpose : A full view of the spectrum of all bacterial diseases in healthy children is essential to the establishment of public health priorities. Accurate information on the relative importance of the various pathogens in terms of the age of the affected patients, the site of infection and the case fatality rate are valuable to the clinician in choosing antimicrobial...
Clinical Lecture
Approach to the Children with Recurrent Infections
Jae Ho Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(5):461-468.   Published online May 15, 2005
The major function of immune system is to protect infections. The immune systems are composed of innate and adaptive immunity. In adaptive immunity, the cellular and humoral components interact each other. Neonates and infants are infected frequently, because immune systems are naive and easy to expose to infectious agents. The complete history and physical examination is essential to evaluate the...
Original Article
Risk Factors of Nosocomial Rotavirus Infections in Children
Sin Ae Park, Sun Hee Yu, Seon Woong Lim, Kyung Dan Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(4):395-400.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose :Rotavirus is one of the most important causes of nosocomial infections among children. The aim of this study is to determine the risk of nosocomial rotavirus infections and to evaluate the effectiveness of breast-feeding and probiotics in the prevention of nosocomial rotavirus infections. Methods : This study was carried out on admitted children without diarrhea between March 1, 2003 and...
Clinical Significance of Immature Reticulocyte Fraction and Reticulocyte Cellular Indices in Pediatric Anemia Patients
Young Seo, Hye Lim Jung, Jae Won Shim, Deok Su Kim, Jeong Yeon Shim, Moon Soo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(3):284-291.   Published online March 15, 2005
Purpose : Flow cytometric automated reticulocyte analysis is a superior method to manual reticulocyte counting, with respect to precision and sensitivity. Furthermore, flow cytometric analysis is able to measure immature reticulocyte fraction(IRF) and reticulocyte cellular indices(RCI : cell hemoglobin content : CHr, mean cell volume : MCVr, cell hemoglobin concentration mean : CHCMr, distribytion width : RDWr, HDWr, CHDWr). In...
Epidemiology and Clincal Analysis of Acute Viral Respiratory Tract Infections in Children(September, 1998-May, 2003)
Su-Jin Lee, Eon-Woo Shin, Eun-Young Park, Phil-Soo Oh, Kwang-Nam Kim, Hae-Sun Yoon, Kyu-Man Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(3):266-275.   Published online March 15, 2005
Purpose : Acute respiratory tract infections are the most common illnesses in children. The great majority of these infections involving lower respiratory tracts infections(LRTIs) are caused by respiratory viruses such as respiratory syncytial virus(RSV), parainfluenza virus(PIV), influenza virus (Flu), and adenovirus(ADV), etc. Our purpose was to determine seasonal epidemiology and clinical characteristic features of each viral infection. Methods : Nasopharyngeal aspirate(NPA)s...
Penicillin Resistant Distribution and in-vitro Susceptibility of Oral Antibiotics against Streptococcus pneumoniae, isolated from Pediatric Patients with Community- Acquired Respiratory Infections in Korea
Jin Han Kang, Sun Mi Kim, Jong Hyun Kim, Hur Jae Kyun, Kyung Yil Lee, Young Ku Shin, Su Eun Park, Sang Hyuk Ma, Young Jin Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(1):40-47.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : S. pneumoniae is one of major pathogens of community-acquired respiratory infections. The rate of antibiotic resistance to this organism has increased, and resistance to multiple antimicrobial agents in a single strain of S. pneumoniae may compromise the efficacy of empiric antimicrobial treatment commonly used for respiratory infections. We did this study to find out the penicillin resistant distributions...
Causative Organisms of Urinary Tract Infection in Children, and their Antibiotic Susceptibility
Yoon Duk Kang, Nam Su Kim, Sung Hee Oh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(10):1065-1071.   Published online October 15, 2004
Purpose : In caring patients with urinary tract infection(UTI), it is prominent to know causative agents and their antimicrobial susceptibilities, of which domestic data appear somewhat different from those reported in the literature. The study was done to learn the distribution of pathogens causing UTI and their antimicrobial susceptibilities in Korean children. Methods : One hundred forty two inpatients diagnosed...
A Clinical Study of Infective Endocarditis in Childhood
Eun Na Choi, Jae Hun Kwon, Kyong Min Choi, Hwan Dae Hwang, Kyoung Mi Sin, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Dong Su Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(8):844-850.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : Advances in the treatment of congenital heart disease and a decline in the incidence of rheumatic fever has led to changes in the causative organisms and the clinical outcome of infective endocarditis(IE). We sought to analyze the clinical outcome, prognostic factors, causative organisms and corresponding antibiotic sensitivity in IE. Methods : Retrospective analysis of medical records of 104 children...
Protein C as a Differential Marker for Bacterial Infection among Pediatric Patients with Fever
Eun Ha Mo, In Hae Nam, Kyung Duk Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(8):839-843.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was performed to find the clinical significance in protein C as a differential marker in the beginning stage of infection and prognosis factor in severe infection among pediatric patients who were admitted due to fever. Methods : A total of 40 pediatric patients who had temperatures higher than 37.5℃ on admission at the Department of Pediatrics,...
Ultrasonographic Bladder Parameters for Successful Suprapubic Bladder Aspiration
Sung Chul Baek, Hoe Kyoung Koo, Cheol Hong Kim, Kyung Bum Kim, Hyun Hee Lee, Byung Min Choi, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Suk Hong, Dong Gwan Han
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(2):187-192.   Published online February 15, 2004
Purpose : Suprapubic bladder aspiration(SBA) is a widely accepted method of obtaining sterile urine for culture in neonates but has a relatively low success rate and a few serious complications during SBA procedure. To improve the chance of obtaining urine, we determined the ultrasonographic bladder parameters(diameters and volume) to confirm that the bladder is adequately distended for successful aspiration of...
Risk Factors of Urinary Tract Infections Due to Extended-spectrum β-lactamase Producing Escherichia coli in Children
Nam Hee Kim, Jin A Lee, Yun Kyung Kim, Eun Hwa Choi, Il Soo Ha, Hoan Jong Lee, Yong Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(2):164-169.   Published online February 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was performed to identify risk factors for urinary tract infection(UTI) by extended-spectrum β-lactamase(ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli in children. Methods : We analyzed 125 episodes of UTI which were developed in 112 children at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital from July to December 2002. Medical records of 74 episodes of UTI caused by E. coli were reviewed in...
Medical Lecture Course
Perinatal Hepatitis B Virus Infection - Viral Factors in the Mechanism of Perinatal Immunoprophylaxis Failure -
Jong-Hyun Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(2):123-130.   Published online February 15, 2004
Perinatal hepatitis B virus(HBV) infection may occur despite combined immunoprophylaxis with hepatitis B immunoglobulin and vaccines. Although the mechanism of perinatal prophylaxis still has been obscure, it could be due to : in utero infection; host factors as the personal immunological differences of HLA or cytokine gene; viral factors as a high maternal HBV-DNA level or the presence of surface...
Original Article
Pediatrician Perspectives on the Evaluation and Treatment of Acute Gastrointestinal Infections, Jeonbuk, South Korea, 2002
So Hee Lim, Yang Sim Koe, Dae Sun Jo, Sin Jae Lee, Pyoung Han Hwang, P. Kilgore, B. Nyhambat, Jung Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(12):1217-1223.   Published online December 15, 2003
Purpose : This study was conducted to assess clinical practices related to the evaluation and treatment of patients with acute gastrointestinal infection(AGI) in infants and children. This survey also evaluated the current opinion regarding the use of rotavirus vaccine. Methods : This survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire provided to 82 pediatricians in private clinics of Jeonbuk province. From April...
Urinary Excretion of Various Urinary Proteins in Children with Vesicoureteral Reflux
Da Eun Jung, Ja Wook Koo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(10):977-982.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : This study aimed to examine the excretion of various urinary proteins in children with a history of urinary tract infection(UTI), with or without vesicoureteral reflux(VUR) or reflux nephropathy, and to identify means of predicting the severity of VUR or the presence of reflux nephropathy as indicated by these markers, and to know how these markers are changed after...
Case Report
A Case of Herpetic Whitlow with Bacterial Superinfection
Ju-Young Chung, Sang-Woo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(9):918-920.   Published online September 15, 2003
Herpes simplex virus infection of the hand in children occurs after auto-inoculation from herpetic gingivostomatitis or herpes labialis. Herpetic whitlow should be suspected based on clinical signs. Diagnosis can be made by PCR or virus culture. Many misdiagnosed cases suggests that this disease is not sufficiently known. Surgical interventions may be harmful and should be avoided. We report a case...
Original Article
Predictors of Clinically Non Specific Bacterial Infection in Febrile Children Less than 3 Years of Age : WBC, ESR and CRP
Jeong A Nho, Young Il Rho, Eun Seuk Yang, Eun Young Kim, Yeong Bong Park, Kyung Rye Moon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(8):758-762.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : Our examination was designed to determine the diagnostic properties of the cutoff point for the prediction of bacteremia in febrile children less than 3 years of age. Cutoff point is the value that simultaneously maximizes both sensitivity and specificity. Methods : We conducted a retrospective study of febrile children, less than 3 years of age, who clinically have no...
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